The Korean Society of Pesticide Science

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The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science - Vol. 22 , No. 3

[ ORIGINAL ARTICLES ]
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science - Vol. 21, No. 4, pp.453-492
Abbreviation: Korean J. Pestic. Sci.
ISSN: 1226-6183 (Print) 2287-2051 (Online)
Print publication date 31 Dec 2017
Received 27 Oct 2017 Revised 22 Nov 2017 Accepted 27 Nov 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2017.21.4.453

농약의 급성어독성과 노출시간에 따른 독성 변화
박연기* ; 오진아 ; 유아선 ; 박수진 ; 조유미 ; 이제봉 ; 김찬섭
국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 농자재평가과

Acute Toxicity of Pesticides to Carp (Cyprinus carpio) and Changes of Toxicity to the Exposure Time
Yeon-Ki Park* ; Jin-A Oh ; Are-Sun You ; Soo-Jin Park ; You-Mi Jo ; Je-Bong Lee ; Chan-Sup Kim
Division of Agro-material Safety evaluation, Department of Agro-food Safety, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences
Correspondence to : *E-mail: freshfish@korea.kr

Funding Information ▼

초록

농약 1,483품목의 잉어 급성독성 시험성적 중에서 48시간과 96시간 LC50값을 독성구분 기준에 따라 구분하여 비교하였고, 노출시간 차이에 따른 독성값 변화를 알아보기 위해 48 h-LC50/96 h-LC50값을 구하였다. 우리나라 어독성 분류기준인 48시간 LC50값으로 어독성을 구분한 결과, 1,483품목 중 어독성I급(LC50< 0.5 mg/l)은 237품목(16.0%) II급(0.5 ≤ LC50< 2 mg/l)은 203품목(13.7%), 그리고 III급(LC50 ≥ 2 mg/l)은 1,043품목(70.3%)이었다. 적용 작물별로 독성 등급을 구분하면 벼 재배용 농약 643품목 중 I급은 없고 II급은 83품목(12.9%), 그리고 III급은 560품목(87.1%)이었다. 원예용 농약 840품목 중 I급이 237품목(28.2%) II급이 116품목(13.8%), 그리고 III급이 487품목(58.0%) 이었다. 노출시간 경과에 따라 급성독성 변화를 알아보기 위해 48시간 LC50값을 96시간 LC50값으로 나눈 결과, 전체 1,483품목 중 831품목(56.0%)은 독성값 차이가 없어 48시간이내에 독성발현이 완전히 나타나 노출시간이 증가함에도 독성차이가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 612품목(41.3%)은 독성값 차이가 1.01~1.99배, 그리고 40품목은(2.7%)은 2배 이상으로 48시간 이후에도 독성발현이 지속됨을 알 수 있었다.

Abstract

The 48 hr-LC50 and 96 hr-LC50 of 1,483 pesticides to carp (Cyprinus carpio) were classified into three grades and compared. And the values of 48 hr-LC50 divided by 96 hr-LC50 were calculated to detect changes in toxicity due to differences in exposure time. Based on Korea’s criterion, the acute toxicity for fish were classified using 48hr-LC50. As a result, 237 pesticides were grade I (LC50 < 0.5 mg/l), 203 pesticides were grade II (0.5 ≤ LC50 < 2 mg/l§) and 1,043 pesticides were grade III (LC50 ≥ 2 mg/l) among the 1,483 pesticides. As toxicity classification by crop type, 83 (12.9%) pesticides were grade II and 560 (87.1%) pesticides were grade III among 643 paddy field pesticides, and for 840 gardening pesticides, 237 (28.2%), 116 (13.8%) and 487 (58.0%) pesticides were classified as grade I, II and III. By dividing 48 hr-LC50 into 96 hr-LC50 to detect changes in toxicity due to differences in exposure time, in case of 831 pesticides (56%), there were no toxic variation over time since toxic expressions were completed within 48 hours. However the ratio of LC50 values of 48 h and 96 h for 612 pesticides (41.3%) were 1.01~1.99 times and 40 pesticides (2.7%) were more than 2 times due to the continued toxic expressions as the exposure time increases.


Keywords: pesticide, acute toxicity, fish, carp (Cyprinus carpio). exposure time
키워드: 농약, 급성독성, 잉어, 반수치사농도, 노출시간

서 론

농약은 병·해충·잡초를 방제하는 약제로서 정도의 차이는 있으나 독성을 지니고 있으므로 사용과 취급에는 각별한 주의가 요구된다. 즉, 농약의 독성정도에 따라 독성을 구분하여 취급제한 기준을 정하고 포장지(병)나 사용설명서에 경고문구나 주의사항 또는 그림문자를 표시하여 사용자나 취급자의 안전과 수생생태계를 보호할 필요가 있다.

논이나 밭, 과수원 같은 농경지에 살포된 농약은 비산이나 유출 등을 통해 비표적 환경생물(육상 및 수생)에 나쁜 영향을 미칠 수 있다. 따라서 농약 등록을 위해서 환경생물에 대한 위해성 평가는 필수적이다. 특히, 논에 농약사용은 농약의 유효성분이 논물에 녹아 관개수와 직접 연결된 하천이나 호수에 유입될 수 있으므로 우리나라와 같이 벼 재배용 농약 사용량이 많은 경우에는 수생생물에 대한 위해성 평가는 매우 중요하다.

우리나라 농약관리법에서는 농약등록신청 서류 검토 후 해당 농약이 다량으로 사용될 경우 수서생물에 해를 줄 우려가 있을 때 또는 공공수역의 수질이 오염되어 수생 생태계를 파괴할 우려가 있거나 그 물을 이용하는 사람과 가축에 해를 줄 우려가 있을 때는 등록신청서류를 반려하거나 보완을 요구하게 되어있다(PCA 2017). 그러나 실제로는 제출된 등록 신청농약의 급성독성과 등록 신청농약의 사용으로 수생생물이 노출될 수 있는 환경 중 추정농도를 산출하여 비교함으로써 위해성평가를 수행하게 된다. 농약등록 시 제출해야 할 수생생물에 대한 위해성 평가 관련 시험성적서는 등록신청자가 제출토록하고 있다. 제출된 시험성적서는 단계적 검토 방법으로 검토하되 제1단계에서 제출된 시험성적으로 검토하여 안전성이 인정되면 검토를 종료한다. 그러나 제1단계에서 안전성이 인정되지 않으면 제2단계, 제3단계 검토를 수행하고, 검토에 필요한 자료는 등록신청자가 추가로 제출하게 되어있다. 제1단계 검토 시 필수적으로 제출해야 할 시험성적서는 어류에 대한 급성독성시험 성적서이다.

어류에 대한 급성독성 시험성적은 등록신청 농약의 다음 단계 평가 결정과 독성구분에 중요하다. 어류에 대한 급성독성 시험은 농약에 따라 어류의 감수성이 달라지므로 농약 계통에 따라 적합한 어종을 선택해야 한다는 보고(Luciano and Giovanna 1991, Lorraine et al. 2005, Bae et al. 2012)와 같이 농약별 시험 어종에 따라 독성값 차이가 있을 수 있으므로(Jonhson and Finley 1980) 국가별 등록 시험 어종을 추천하고 있다. 우리나라에서는 잉어 또는 송사리 등 온수어종에 대한 시험성적을 요구하고 있으나 미국, 유럽 등에서는 냉수어와 온수어에 대한 성적을 요구하고 있다.

실제 자연 환경에서는 농약이 수계로 유입되더라도 낮은 농도로 장시간 이동 없이 존재하는 것이 보통이다(Connell and Yu 2008, Connell et al. 2016). 이런 노출시간에 따라 독성이 달라지는 문제를 해결하기 위해 미국, 유럽 등에서는 급성 위해성 평가에 96시간 LC50를 이용하고 있다(EPA 1996. OECD 1992). 그러나 우리나라에서는 48시간 LC50값을 어류에 대한 위해성 평가에 이용하고 어독성도 구분하고 있다(PCA. 2017). 어독성 구분은 48시간 LC50이 0.5 mg/L 미만이면 어독성 I급, 0.5 mg/L 이상 2 mg/L 미만이면 어독성 II급, 2 mg/L 이상이면 어독성 III급으로 한다. 특히, 벼재배용 농약으로서 어독성 I급으로 분류되는 농약은 사용량, 제제의 형태, 사용방법, 이화학적 특성 등을 고려하여 평가한 결과 안전성이 인정되지 않으면 등록을 보류할 수 있도록 규정하고 있다(PCA. 2017).

이에 본 연구에서는 농약의 급성 어독성과 노출시간에 따른 독성변화를 알아보기 위하여 우리나라에 등록되어 있는 1,483품목에 대해 잉어에 대한 48시간과 96시간 LC50값에 따라 각각 독성 등급을 구분하였다. 그리고 48시간 LC50 값과 96시간 LC50값을 비교하여 노출시간의 차이에 따른 독성변화를 알아보았다.


재료 및 방법

「농약 및 원제의 등록 기준(농촌진흥청 고시)」의 담수어류 급성독성시험 기준과 방법에 따라 수행한 농촌진흥청 농약품목고시 시험사업보고서(‘93~’96)와 국립농업과학원 농약안전성 전문위원회 심의자료(‘97~’16)를 모아 정리한 국립 농업과학원 농자재평가과 위해성평가실의 환경생물 독성 데이터베이스를 이용하였다. 우리나라에 등록된 1,917품목(KCPA 2016, 2017)중에서 48시간 LC50값만 있고 96시간 LC50값이 없는 농약을 제외한 1,483품목에 대해 잉어에 대한 48시간과 96시간 LC50값으로 I, II 그리고 III급으로 어독성을 구분하였고, 48시간 LC50을 96시간 LC50으로 나눈 값으로 노출시간 경과에 따른 독성의 변화를 알아보았다.


결과 및 고찰

농약 1,483품목의 잉어에 대한 48시간과 96시간 LC50값은 Table 1과 같다. 1,483품목에서 벼 재배용은 643품목(43.4%) 이었고 원예용은 840품목(56.6%)를 차지하였다. 대상 병·해충 잡초별로는 살균제는 480품목, 살충·살균제는 81품목, 살충제는 418 품목, 제초제는 467품목, 생장조정제는 31품목 기타 6품목 이었다. 살균제 480품목 중 벼 재배용은 113품목(23.5%) 원예용은 367품목(76.5%)를 차지하였고, 살충제 418품목 중 벼 재배용은 90품목(21.5%)이었고 원예용은 328품목(78.5%)으로 살균제와 살충제는 원예용이 벼 재배용 보다 많았다. 그러나 살균·살충제 81품목 중 벼 재배용은 66품목(81.5%), 원예용은 15품목(18.5%)이었고. 제초제 467품목 중 벼 재배용은 375품목(80.3%) 원예용은 92품목(19.7%)로 살균·살충제와 제초제는 벼 재배용이 원예용보다 더 많았다. 생장조정제 31품목 중 벼재배용은 2품목(6.5%) 원예용은 29품목(93.5%)으로 원예용이 벼재배용보다 많았다.

Table 1. 
LC50 of 48 hour and 96 hour for pesticide products to carp (Cyprinus carpio)
Pesticide Classification Crop A.I.
(%)
LC50, mg/l*
48 hr 96 hr
Abamectin DC Insecticide Orange, etc. 1.8 0.0051 0.0049
Abamectin EC Insecticide Apple, etc. 1.8 0.006 0.005
Abamectin GR Insecticide Melon, etc. 1 0.0113 0.0066
Abamectin ME Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 1.8 0.01 0.0091
Abamectin SC Insecticide Melon, etc. 1.68 0.016 0.0087
Abamectin·Acetamiprid ME Insecticide Orange, etc. 8.6 0.078 0.057
Abamectin·Chlorantraniliprole SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 6 0.0309 0.0236
Abamectin·Chlorfenapyr SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 10.5 0.074 0.074
Abamectin·Cyflumetofen DC Insecticide Orange, etc. 10.8 0.1227 0.1227
Abamectin·Fenazaquin SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 10.6 0.019 0.016
Abamectin·Spinetoram SC Insecticide Red pepper, Cucumber 4.9 0.063671 0.030104
Abamectin·Spirodiclofen SC Insecticide Melon, etc. 22.23 0.322 0.244
Abamectin·Spirodiclofen SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 29.2 0.23 0.161
Abamectin·Sulfoxaflor SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 7.7 0.03 0.023
Abamectin·Thiamethoxam SC Insecticide Pear 16.87 0.1485 0.1221
Acephate CG Insecticide Pine, etc. 97 >10 >10
Acephate WP Insecticide Rice, Chinese cabbage, etc. 50 >10 >10
Acephate·Diazinon DP Insecticide Potato 4 6.51 5.5
Acequinocyl SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 15 >10 >10
Acetamiprid AL Insecticide Rose, etc. 0.004 >9.923 >9.923
Acetamiprid DC Insecticide Peach, etc. 8 5.187 3.467
Acetamiprid GR Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 1.5 >10 >10
Acetamiprid ME Insecticide Pine 10 3.79 3.61
Acetamiprid SG Insecticide Grape, etc. 8 >10 >10
Acetamiprid SL Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 5 >10 >10
Acetamiprid SL Insecticide Pine, etc. 10 4.33 3.23
Acetamiprid SP Insecticide Orange, etc. 8 >10 >10
Acetamiprid WG Insecticide Eggplant, etc. 8 3.066 2.013
Acetamiprid WP Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 8 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Bifenthrin WG Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 9 0.026 0.022
Acetamiprid·Buprofezin EC Insecticide Orange, etc. 19 1.61 1.56
Acetamiprid·Buprofezin SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 25 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Buprofezin SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 19 >16.0 4.981
Acetamiprid·Buprofezin WP Insecticide Orange, etc. 24 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Chlorfenapyr WP Insecticide Water melon, etc. 5.5 0.511 0.511
Acetamiprid·Diflubenzuron WP Insecticide Apple, Pear 9 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Diflubenzuron WP Insecticide Orange, etc. 19 21.35 20.07
Acetamiprid·Emamectin benzoate SL Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 10 0.531 0.377
Acetamiprid·Emamectin benzoate WG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 8 1.012 0.754
Acetamiprid·Etofenprox EP Insecticide Grape 13 7.106 1.298
Acetamiprid·Etofenprox WP Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 10.5 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Flubendiamide WG Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 13 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Flufenoxuron WP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 13 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Indoxacarb SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 9 7.254 6.487
Acetamiprid·Indoxacarb WP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 9 3.27 2.87
Acetamiprid·Lufenuron SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 13 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Lufenuron WG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 13 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Lufenuron WP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 13 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Metaflumizone SC Insecticide Peach, Apple 20 6.005 6.005
Acetamiprid·Methoxyfenozide WG Insecticide Strawberry, etc. 13 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Pyrifluquinazon WG Insecticide Orange, etc. 12 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Spinetoram SC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 10 11.954 7.937
Acetamiprid·Sulfoxaflor WG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 10.2 >9.30 >9.30
Acetamiprid·Tebufenozide SC Insecticide Rice 12 >11.538 >11.538
Acetamiprid·Tebufenozide WP Insecticde Rice 12 >10 >10
Acetamiprid·Novaluron EC Insecticide Orange, etc. 16 >10 >10
Acibenzolar-S-methyl·Chlorotalonil SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 45.92 0.056 0.054
Acibenzolar-S-methyl·Mancozeb WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 49 2.8 2.5
Acibenzolar-S-methyl·Thiamethoxam GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 2.8 3.638 1.975
Acrinathrin·Spiromesifen SC Insecticide Strawberry, etc. 36 0.04 0.033
Alachlor EC Herbicide Bean, etc. 43.7 1.18 1.15
Alachlor GR Herbicide Bean, etc. 5 4.85 3.4
Alpha-cypermethrin EC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 2 0.002 0.002
Alpha-cypermethrin WG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 15 0.0007 0.0007
Alpha-cypermethrin·Chlorfenapyr EC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 2.2 0.012 0.012
Alpha-cypermethrin·Flufenoxuron EC Insecticide Leek, etc. 4 0.2 0.04
Alpha-cypermethrin·Tebufenozide SC Insecticide Red pepper, Apple 6.8 0.027173 0.025777
Ametoctradin·Dimethomorph SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 47 3.97 3.15
Amisulbrom SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 13.5 0.16 0.14
Amisulbrom WG Fungicide Chinese cabbage, etc. 50 0.14 0.12
Amisulbrom·Chlorothalonil SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 41 0.059 0.057
Amisulbrom·Cymoxanil WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 35 >10 >10
Amitraz·Buprofezin EC Insecticide Orange, etc. 25 1.68 1.67
Asulam sodium SG Herbicide Lawn 87.6 >10 >10
Asulam sodium SL Herbicide Lawn 37 >10 >10
Azadirachtin GR Insecticide Rice, Garlic, etc. 0.15 >20 >20
Azimsulfuron·Benfuresate GR Herbicide Rice 1.55 17.56 17.14
Azimsulfuron·Benfuresate·Carfentrazone-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.8 >8.9 >8.9
Azimsulfuron·Benfuresate·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 2.55 >9.7 >9.7
Azimsulfuron·Bensulfuron-methyl·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 0.91 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Bensulfuron-methyl·Indanofan GR Herbicide Rice 0.54 4.31 3.9
Azimsulfuron·Bensulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet GR Herbicide Rice 3.61 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Bensulfuron-methyl·Pretilachlor GR Herbicide Rice 1.12 2.93 2.14
Azimsulfuron·Bensulfuron-methyl·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 7.11 2.97 2.3
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon WG Herbicide Rice 54 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 1.75 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide UG Herbicide Rice 17.1 >8.63 >8.63
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Ipfencarbazone GG Herbicide Rice 9.3 >12.703 >12.703
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Metamifop GR Herbicide Rice 1.05 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Metamifop·Pretialchl or GR Herbicide Rice 6.35 2.93 2.09
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Oxaziclomefone GR Herbicide Rice 1.02 >9.49 >9.49
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Oxaziclomefone UG Herbicide Rice 9.7 >7.454 >7.454
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam DT Herbicide Rice 4.8 >9.6 >9.6
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.83 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Benzobicyclon·Pyriminobac-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 2.55 >8.5 >8.5
Azimsulfuron·Bromobutide·Fenoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 2.62 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Bromobutide·Mefenacet GR Herbicide Rice 9.83 >5.896 >5.896
Azimsulfuron·Carfentrazone-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.2 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 1.3 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Flucetosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 0.34 3.89 3.65
Azimsulfuron·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.38 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Pyriminobacmethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.28 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Pyriminobacmethyl UG Herbicide Rice 2.4 2.27 2.27
Azimsulfuron·Fentrazamide UG Herbicide Rice 5.1 8.75 7.45
Azimsulfuron·Flucetosulfuron DT Herbicide Rice 0.7 5.44 4.71
Azimsulfuron·Flucetosulfuron·Mesotrione DT Herbicide Rice 2.52 >9.927 >9.927
Azimsulfuron·Indanofan GR Herbicide Rice 0.45 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Mefenacet GR Herbicide Rice 3.05 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Mefenacet UG Herbicide Rice 21.3 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Mefenacet·Mesotrione GR Herbicide Rice 3.85 >8.724 >8.724
Azimsulfuron·Mefenacet·Simetryn GR Herbicide Rice 4.05 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Metamifop GR Herbicide Rice 0.35 2.977 2.14
Azimsulfuron·Oxaziclomefone GR Herbicide Rice 0.25 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.12 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Penoxsulam WG Herbicide Rice 6.6 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Penoxsulam WP Herbicide Rice 13 >10 >10
Azimsulfuron·Penoxsulam·Simetryn GR Herbicide Rice 0.42 >10 >10
Azocyclotin SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 28 0.012 0.011
Azocyclotin WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 25 0.011 0.005
Azocyclotin·Bifenthrin SC Insecticide Pear, etc. 26 0.0047 0.0024
Azocyclotin·Chlorfenapyr SC Insecticide Peach, etc. 26 0.008 0.007
Azocyclotin·Etoxazole SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 30 0.0035 0.002
Azocyclotin·Pyridaben WP Insecticide Orange, Apple 26 0.0096 0.0096
Azoxystrobin ME Insecticide Apple, etc. 10 0.52 0.52
Azoxystrobin SC Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 21.7 0.269 0.255
Azoxystrobin WP Fungicide Rice, Apple, etc. 10 1.97 1.51
Azosystrobin·Chlorotalonil SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 44.8 0.07 0.062
Azosystrobin·Chlorotalonil SC Fungicide Lawn 48 0.062 0.062
Azoxystrobin·Cyproconazole SC Fungicide Lawn 25.27 0.747 0.72
Azoxystrobin·Difenoconazole SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 28.7 1.572 1.572
Azoxystrobin·Difenoconazole WG Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 18 1.79 1.79
Azoxystrobin·Dimethomorph SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 25 5.400 4.942
Azoxystrobin·Dimethomorph WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 23 1.06 0.99
Azoxystrobin·Ferimzone SC Fungicide Rice 21.5 3.19 2.44
Azoxystrobin·Fipronil FG Insecti-Fungicide Rice 6.6 3.387 3.264
Azoxystrobin·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 6.6 1.33 0.8
Azoxystrobin·Fluazinam SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 42 0.48 0.44
Azoxystrobin·Fludioxonil SC Fungicide Orange, etc. 30 1.556 1.556
Azoxystrobin·Fludioxonil WP Fungicide Red pepper 50 2.503 2.503
Azoxystrobin·Hexaconazole SC Fungicide Rice, Cucumber, etc. 13 0.795 0.754
Azoxystrobin·Isoprothiolane EC Fungicide Rice 21 1.636 1.636
Azosystrobin·Isopyrazam SC Fungicide Rose, etc. 30.09 0.075 0.075
Azoxystrobin·Metalaxyl-M SE Fungicide Rose, etc. 39.07 0.814 0.692
Azoxystrobin·Propiconazole EC Fungicide Rice, Rose, etc. 15.2 1.539 1.282
Azoxystrobin·Propiconazole SE Fungicide Rice, Soybean 18.71 1.676 1.338
Azosystrobin·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 29.5 1.06 1.01
Azosystrobin·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Red pepper, Pear 22 15.37 14.09
Azoxystrobin·Tetraconazole SE Fungicide Red pepper, Cucumber 28 0.71 0.685
Azoxystrobin·Thiophanate-methyl SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 25 2.71 2.71
Azoxystrobin·Tricyclazole SC Fungicide Rice 21 2.58 2.29
Azoxystrobin·Validamycin-A SC Fungicide Rice 11 1.596 1.596
Azoxystrobin·Validamycin-A·Etofenprox SE Insecti-Fungicide Rice 21 0.867 0.716
Benalaxyl-M GR Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 1 2.93 2.5
Benalaxyl-M·Ethaboxam SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 15 10.41 8.07
Benfluralin·Isoxaben WP Herbicide Rice 54.5 >10 >10
Benfuracarb WG Insecticide Apple, etc. 30 0.24 0.24
Benfuracarb·Buprofezin WG Insecticide Orange, etc. 40 0.54 0.49
Benfuracarb·Fosthiazate GR Insecticide Watermelon, etc. 6.35 3.972 3.86
Benfuresate·Bensulfuron-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.6 >10 >10
Benfuresate·Bensulfuron-methyl·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 2.47 >10 >10
Benfuresate·Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide SE Herbicide Rice 21 6.57 6.57
Benfuresate·Bifenox GR Herbicide Rice 6.5 >10 >10
Benfuresate·Bromobutide·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 6.87 >5.588 >5.588
Benfuresate·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 1.83 >8.184 >8.184
Benfuresate·Cyclosulfamuron·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 2.47 >10 >10
Benfuresate·Fentrazamide·Halosulfuron-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 2.48 >10 >10
Benfuresate·Fentrazamide·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 2.37 >10 >10
Benfuresate·Halosulfuron-methyl·Indanofan GR Herbicide Rice 1.88 >10 >10
Benfuresate·Imazosulfuron·Mefenacet GR Herbicide Rice 4.23 >10 >10
Benfuresate·MCPA·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 2.4 >10 >10
Benfuresate·Mesotrione·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 1.68 >10 >10
Benfuresate·Pyrimisulfan GR Herbicide Rice 1.72 >10 >10
Benomyl·Chlorothalonil WP Fungicide Red pepper, Watermelon 70 0.54 0.54
Bensulfuron-methyl·Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 1.87 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide SC Herbicide Rice 11.02 9.388 9.388
Bensulfuron-methyl·Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide UG Herbicide Rice 18.3 >7.873 >7.873
Bensulfuron-methyl·Benzobicyclon·Mefenacet SC Herbicide Rice 24.52 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Benzobicyclon·Metamifop SC Herbicide Rice 7 3.69 3.34
Bensulfuron-methyl·Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam DT Herbicide Rice 10.96 >4.851 >4.851
Bensulfuron-methyl·Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam GG Herbicide Rice 5.68 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 5.52 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Benzobicyclon·Pyriminobacmethyl SC Herbicide Rice 5.8 >9.4 >9.4
Bensulfuron-methyl·Bromobutide·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 12.51 >8.2 >8.2
Bensulfuron-methyl·Bromobutide·Mefenacet SC Herbicide Rice 40.02 57.72 24.84
Bensulfuron-methyl·Bromobutide·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 19.5 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Metamifop GR Herbicide Rice 0.72 10.595 9.479
Bensulfuron-methyl·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Penoxsulam GG Herbicide Rice 3.18 6.94 6.281
Bensulfuron-methyl·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 7.32 3.06 2.46
Bensulfuron-methyl·Fentrazamide SC Herbicide Rice 7 5.97 5.97
Bensulfuron-methyl·Ferntrazamide·Mesotrione GR Herbicide Rice 1.5 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·MCPA·Mefenacet SC Herbicide Rice 28 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet SC Herbicide Rice 22.02 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet·Metamifop SC Herbicide Rice 18.3 3.76 3.76
Bensulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet·Oxadiargyl SC Herbicide Rice 21.6 9.7 6.62
Bensulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet·Pretilachlor SE Herbicide Rice 23.02 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 6.67 2.4 2.4
Bensulfuron-methyl·Mesotrione·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.55 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Mesotrione·Pretilachlor·Pyriftalid GR Herbicide Rice 2.37 4.596 3.822
Bensulfuron-methyl·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 1.5 >10 >10
Bensulfuron-methyl·Pretilachlor·Pyriftalid SC Herbicide Rice 15.8 2.636 1.923
Bentazone SL Herbicide Rice, Barley, etc. 40 >10 >10
Bentazone·Cyhalofop-butyl ME Herbicide Rice 19.5 4.07 4.07
Bentazone·Flucetosulfuron·Simetryn GR Herbicide Rice 7.8 >10 >10
Bentazone·MCPA GR Herbicide Rice 12.2 >20 >20
Bentazone·MCPA WG Herbicide Lawn 35.6 >10.39 >10.39
Bentazone·MCPA·Propanil ME Herbicide Rice 14.8 6.085 5.882
Bentazone·MCPB ME Herbicide Rice 24.5 >10 >10
Bentazone·Metamifop ME Herbicide Rice 17 1.524 1.324
Bentazone·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 11.12 >8.563 >8.563
Bentazone·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 19.2 28.46 19.69
Bentazone·Propanil ME Herbicide Rice 17 12.144 10.345
Bentazone-sodium GR Herbicide Rice 10 >94.5 >94.5
Bentazone-sodium·Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl ME Herbicide Rice 31 >10 >10
Bentazone-sodium·Glufosinate-ammonium SL Herbicide Orange, etc. 24 9.637 9.637
Bentazone-sodium·Glyphosate-isopropylamine SL Herbicide Noncropland 30 >12.382 >12.382
Bentazone·Tefuryltrione GR Herbicide Rice 11.67 >99.6 >99.6
Benthiavalicarb-isopropyl WG Fungicide Tomato, etc. 15 >9.266 >9.266
Benthiavalicarb-isopropyl·Chlorothalonil WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 51.75 0.1 0.1
Benthiavalicarb-isopropyl·Copper oxychloride WP Fungicide Grape, etc. 38.5 >10 >10
Benthiavalicarb-isopropyl·Propineb WP Fungicide Onion, etc. 59.5 1.83 1.83
Benzobicyclon SC Herbicide Rice 3.5 7.384 5.684
Benzobicyclon·Cafenstrole·Pyrazosulfurn-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.47 3.26 3.09
Benzobicyclon·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Flusetosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 1.02 26.16 11.31
Benzobicyclon·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 1.05 >8.3 >8.3
Benzobicyclon·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Penoxsulam ZC Herbicide Rice 5.98 >11.1 >11.1
Benzobicyclon·Cyclosulfamuron·Fentrazamide SC Herbicide Rice 11.2 8.28 8.28
Benzobicyclon·Cyclosulfamuron·Flucetosulfuron GG Herbicide Rice 5.62 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Cyclosulfamuron·Mefenacet SC Herbicide Rice 26.2 >8.4 >8.4
Benzobicyclon·Cyclosulfamuron·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.85 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Cyclosulfamuron·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 5 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Cyclosulfamuron·Pyriminobacmethyl DT Herbicide Rice 5.62 >5.65 >5.65
Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide SC Herbicide Rice 5.5 8.84 8.21
Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide·Imazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 1.95 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide·Imazosulfuron SC Herbicide Rice 11.5 5.428 4.346
Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide·Penoxsulam DT Herbicide Rice 15.4 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 6.48 5.09 4.92
Benzobicyclon·Fentrazamide·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl UG Herbicide Rice 10.42 7.45 7.03
Benzobicyclon·Flucetosulfuron DT Herbicide Rice 3.92 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Flucetosulfuron·Halosulfuron-methyl DT Herbicide Rice 4.48 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Flucetosulfuron·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 2.42 >9.9 >9.9
Benzobicyclon·Halosulfuron-methyl·Pyriminobacmethyl WG Herbicide Rice 56.8 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Imazosulfuron·Ipfencarbazone SC Herbicide Rice 10.5 >10.21 >10.21
Benzobicyclon·Imazosulfuron·Metamifop SC Herbicide Rice 7.3 2.17 1.89
Benzobicyclon·Imazosulfuron·Mefenacet SC Herbicide Rice 24.5 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Imazosulfuron·Oxaziclomefone SC Herbicide Rice 7.1 >8.26 >8.26
Benzobicyclon·Imazosulfuron·Penoxsulam DT Herbicide Rice 12 >5.944 >5.944
Benzobicyclon·Imazosulfuron·Penoxsulam GG Herbicide Rice 5.98 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Imazoxulfuron·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 5.42 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Imazosulfuron·Pyriminobac-methyl SC Herbicide Rice 6.1 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Mefenacet·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 21.5 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Mefenacet·Propyrisulfuron SC Herbicide Rice 26.5 >9.733 >9.733
Benzobicyclon·Mefenacet·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GG Herbicide Rice 29.5 >9.823 >9.823
Benzobicyclon·Mefenacet·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl SC Herbicide Rice 25.42 151.6 74.24
Benzobicyclon·Metamifop·Pretilachlor·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 6.41 2.76 2.21
Benzobicyclon·Metamifop·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.07 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Metazosulfuron DT Herbicide Rice 5.5 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Orthosulfamuron·Penoxsulam DT Herbicide Rice 5.48 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Orthosulfamuron·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.98 >9.2 >9.2
Benzobicyclon·Oxaziclomefone SC Herbicide Rice 3.5 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Pendimethalin SE Herbicide Rice 6.5 1.06 0.94
Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam DT Herbicide Rice 4.48 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.68 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam·Pretilachlor SE Herbicide Rice 9.48 3.31 2.67
Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam·Pyraclonil SC Herbicide Rice 4.98 1.61 1.61
Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam·Pyrazolate GR Herbicide Rice 3.68 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl DT Herbicide Rice 10.2 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.85 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Penoxsulam·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl SC Herbicide Rice 4.9 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Pretilachlor SE Herbicide Rice 12 2.47 2.47
Benzobicyclon·Propyrisulfuron SC Herbicide Rice 5.5 >9.8 >9.8
Benzobicyclon·Pyraclonil GR Herbicide Rice 1 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobac-methyl GG Herbicide Rice 10.04 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobac-methyl SC Herbicide Rice 5.02 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Pyriminobac-methyl WG Herbicide Rice 50.2 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Pyrimisulfan GR Herbicide Rice 0.92 >9.2 >9.2
Benzobicyclon·Pyrimisulfan SC Herbicide Rice 4.5 >10 >10
Benzobicyclon·Thiobencarb SE Herbicide Rice 32.5 2.44 2.19
6-Benzyl aminopurine SL Plant growth regulator Bean sprouts 0.3 >10 >10
6-Benzyl aminopurine SL Plant growth regulator Orange, Chrysanthemum 3 >10 >10
Beta-cyfluthrin DP Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 0.2 0.002744 0.002744
Beta-cyfluthrin EC Insecticide Orange, etc. 2.5 0.0024 0.0024
Bifenazate·Chlorfenapyr SC Insecticide Pear, etc. 24 0.83 0.7
Bifenazate·Etoxazole SC Insecticide Orange, Apple 23 0.6 0.56
Bifenazate·Fenbutatin-oxide SC Insecticide Strawberry, Pear 38 0.158 0.077
Bifenazate·Flufenoxuron WG Insecticide Apple 23 0.855 0.766
Bifenazate·Pyridaben SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 22 0.03 0.03
Bifenox·Flucetosulfuron WG Herbicide Lawn 30 >10 >10
Bifenox·Glyphosate-isopropylamine ME Herbicide Noncropland 40 2.781 2.781
Bifenthrin DP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 0.2 0.049 0.029
Bifenthrin EC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 1 0.00069 0.00069
Bifenthrin EW Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 10 0.002 0.002
Bifenthrin GR Insecticide Potato, etc. 0.2 0.0013 0.0013
Bifenthrin SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 2 0.026 0.004
Bifenthrin SC Insecticide Red pepper, Lawn 17.15 0.0055 0.0027
Bifenthrin WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 2 0.084 0.073
Bifenthrin·Chlorfenapyr FW Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 12 0.0329 0.0253
Bifenthrin·Chlorfenapyr WP Insecticide Leek, etc. 3 0.03 0.03
Bifenthrin·Chromafenozide EC Insecticide Peach 6.5 0.007 0.007
Bifenthrin·Clothianidin SC Insecticide Strawberry, etc. 4.5 0.008 0.006
Bifenthrin·Diflubenzuron SE Insecticide Peach, Apple 16 0.023 0.022
Bifenthrin·Etoxazole ME Insecticide Peach, etc. 3.5 0.004275 0.004275
Bifenthrin·Imidacloprid DC Insecticide Red pepper, Apple 5 0.014 0.0065
Bifenthrin·Imidacloprid GR Insecticide Potato, etc. 1.2 0.0054 0.0032
Bifenthrin·Imidacloprid WP Insecticide Orange, etc. 10 0.135 0.106
Bifenthrin·Methoxyfenozide SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 10 0.052 0.038
Bifenthrin·Phoxim GR Insecticide Potato, etc. 1.6 0.0047 0.00311
Bifenthrin·Pyridaben SC Insecticide Orange 16.5 0.07 0.06
Bifenthrin·Sulfoxaflor SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 7.7 0.012425 0.011431
Bifenthrin·Terbufos GR Insecticide Potato, etc. 1.6 0.27 0.23
Bispyribac-sodium SL Herbicide Rice, Lawn, etc. 2 0.64 0.64
Bistrifluron EC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 10 0.94 0.94
Bistrifluron·Chlorfenapyr SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc, 13 0.13 0.12
Bistrifluron·Emamectin-benzoate WG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 8.85 2.48 1.63
Bistrifluron·Etofenprox SE Insecticide Apple, etc. 25 1.442 0.383
Bistrifluron·Flubendiamide SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 23 >10 >10
Bistrifluron·Flufenoxuron SC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 7 >10 >10
Bitertanol WP Fungicide Pear, etc. 25 6.73 6.73
Blad SL Fungicide Strawberry, Grape 20 >10 >10
Blend of alkylaryl polyethoxylate and sodium salt of alkyl sulfonated alkylate SL Others Rice 60 >2 >2
Boscalid WT Fungicide Orange, etc. 47 >3.14 >3.14
Boscalid·Fludioxonil SC Fungicide Grape, etc. 28.5 5.27 5.27
Boscalid·Metrafenone SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 30 >10 >10
Boscalid·Metrafenone WG Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 30 >7.29 >7.29
Boscalid·Pyraclostrobin GR Fungicide Garlic, etc. 1.05 0.153 0.135
Boscalid·Pyraclostrobin SC Fungicide Pear, etc. 21.6 0.05 0.05
Boscalid·Pyraclostrobin WG Fungicide Apple, etc. 20.4 0.128 0.108
Boscalid·Pyriofenone SC Fungicide Melon, etc. 23 22.7 14.28
Boscalid·Triflumizole WP Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 30 3.41 3.38
Bromobutide·Cafenstrole·Imazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 3.75 6.344 3.781
Bromobutide·Carfentrazone-ethyl·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 4.99 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 7 >9.685 >9.685
Bromobutide·Fentrazamide·Flucetosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 4.07 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Fentrazamide·Imazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 4.25 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Fentrazamide·Imazosulfuron SC Herbicide Rice 25.5 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Fentrazamide·Halosulfuron-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 4.18 >9.460 >9.460
Bromobutide·Flucetosulfuron·Imazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 3.35 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Halosulfuron-methyl·Oxaziclomefone GR Herbicide Rice 3.45 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Halosulfuron-methyl·Pyriminobac-methyl GG Herbicide Rice 19.68 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Mefenacet GR Herbicide Rice 6.25 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Metamifop SC Herbicide Rice 21.3 2.14 1.83
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Penoxsulam GG Herbicide Rice 19.98 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 3.33 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 19.98 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Penoxsulam UG Herbicide Rice 19.98 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Pyraclonil GG Herbicide Rice 23.1 >10.702 >10.702
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Pyraclonil GR Herbicide Rice 3.85 >8.7 >8.7
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Pyriminobac-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 3.35 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Imazosulfuron·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 9.75 3.54 1.77
Bromobutide·MCPA·Orthosulfufamuron·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 3.83 >9.299 >9.299
Bromobutide·Oxadiargyl SC Herbicide Rice 9.4 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Oxaziclomefone·Pyrazosulfuronethyl GR Herbicide Rice 10.02 >4.09 >4.092
Bromobutide·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 18.48 >9.40 >9.40
Bromobutide·Penoxsulam·Pyraclonil SC Herbicide Rice 19.98 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Pretilachlor·Simetryn EC Herbicide Rice 24 4.307 3.582
Bromobutide·Propyrisulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 3.25 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Propyrisulfuron SC Herbicide Rice 19.5 >10.245 >10.415
Bromobutide·Propyrisulfuron·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 8.25 3.281 2.997
Bromobutide·Pyraclonil SC Herbicide Rice 13.5 9.76 7.38
Bromobutide·Pyraclonil·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 3.4 >3.467 >3.467
Bromobutide·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobacmethyl GG Herbicide Rice 38.04 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobacmethyl GR Herbicide Rice 3.17 >10 >10
Bromobutide·Thiobencarb SC Herbicide Rice 57.5 1.86 1.74
Bromobutide·Thiobencarb SE Herbicide Rice 24 2.535 2.333
Buprofezin SC Insecticide Pine 40 >10 >10
Buprofezin WP Insecticide Pear, etc. 20 5.621 5.621
Buprofezin·Chromafenozide SC insecticide Rice, Pear, etc. 29 14.495 14.495
Buprofezin·Clothianidin SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 13 >10 >10
Buprofezin·Dinotefuran WP Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 35 10.2 9.607
Buprofezin·Etofenprox WG Insecticide Pear, etc. 23 3.638 0.574
Buprofezin·Etofenprox WP Insecticide Rice 13 5.63 3.5
Buprofezin·Flubendiamide SC Insecticide Rice 13 1.81 1.62
Buprofezin·Imidecloprid GR Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 2 >10 >10
Buprofezin·Imidacloprid SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 23 9.1 6.04
Buprofezin·Imidacloprid WG Insecticide Chrysanthemum 19 >8.762 >8.762
Buprofezin·Imidacloprid WP Insecticide Apple, Watermelon 10 >10 >10
Buprofezin·Isoprocarb WP insecticide Rice 25 >2 >2
Buprofezin·Lambda-cyhalothrin EC Insecticide Orange, etc. 11 0.0043 0.0028
Buprofezin·Methoxyfenozide WP Insecticide Rice, Cucumber, etc. 15 12.386 9.988
Buprofezin·Pyridaben SC Insecticide Cucumber, etc. 33 0.00553 0.00442
Buprofezin·Pyrifluquinazon SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 25 8.942 8.354
Buprofezin·Spinetoram SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 24 27.522 4.187
Buprofezin·Sulfoxaflor SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 15.1 8.97 7.88
Buprofezin·Tebufenozide WP Insecticide Rice, Tomato, etc. 17 7.19 6.95
Buprofezin·Thiacloprid SC Insecticide Rice, Pear, etc. 25 >10 >10
Buprofezin·Thiamethoxam SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 23.3 3.802 2.653
Butachlor CS Herbicide Rice 33 4.915 2.311
Butachlor·Carfentrazone-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 2.75 0.76 0.56
Butachlor·Cyclosulfamuron GR Herbicide Rice 2.65 0.78 0.67
Butachlor·Dichlobenil GR Herbicide Lawn 3.5 3.363 1.847
Butachlor·Ethoxysulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 3.08 1.44 0.67
Butralin EC Plant growth regulator Tobacco 36 1 0.8
Butralin·Decyl alcohol EC Plant growth regulator Tobacco 56 2.954 2.08
Cadusafos GR Insecticide Watermelon, etc. 3 0.21 0.08
Cafenstrole SC Herbicide Lawn 40 2.14 1.84
Cafenstrole·Imazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 0.95 3.17 3.17
Cafenstrole·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.07 5.75 4.29
Captan WG Fungicide Apple 80 0.23 0.23
Captan WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 50 0.28 0.28
Captan WT Fungicide Strawberry, Tomato 50 0.16 0.08
Captan·Polyoxin-B WP Fungicide Apple 65 0.33 0.33
Carbaryl WP Insecticide Potato, etc. 50 1.18 0.849
Carbendazim SC Fungicide Apple 41.5 >10 >10
Carbendazim WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 60 0.115 0.072
Carbendazim·Chlorothalonil DP Fungicide Chinese cabbage 10 0.305 0.257
Carbendazim·Chlorothalonil SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 43 0.109 0.109
Carbendazim·Diethofencarb WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 50 >10 >10
Carbendazim·Difenoconazole WG Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 15 1.7 1.54
Carbendazim·Hexaconazole WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 51 1.54 1.21
Carbendazim·Iprodione SC Fungicide Rice 25 >10 >10
Carbendazim·Kasugamycin WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 43.45 >10 >10
Carbendazim·Kresoxim-methyl WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 60 1.123 1.123
Carbendazim·Mepanipyrim SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 30 5.97 4.24
Carbendazim·Metalaxyl WP Fungicide Rice, Sesame, etc. 62.5 >2 >2
Carbendazim·Metalaxyl-M WP Fungicide Rice, Sesame, etc. 54 >10 >10
Carbendazim·Polyoxin-D WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 51.5 >10 >10
Carbendazim·Sulfur SC Fungicide Cucumber, Rose 40 >10 >10
Carbendazim·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 25 >10 >10
Carbendazim·Tebuconazole WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 25 6.956 6.723
Carbendazim·Trifloxystrobin WG Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 56 0.062993 0.062392
Carbofuran GR Insecticide Rice, Carrot, etc. 3 0.72 0.72
Carbosulfan GR Insecticide Rice, Cucumber, etc. 3 >2 >2
Carbosulfan GR Insecticide Rice, Garlic 5 >10 >10
Carbosulfan WP Insecticide Rice, Grape, etc. 20 1.69 1.25
Carbosulfan·Halosulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet GR Insecti-Herbicide Rice 7.68 1.28 1.08
Carbosulfan·Tefluthrin GR Insecticide Potato, etc. 2.4 0.00128 0.00114
Carboxin WS Fungicide Rice 20 1.604 1.298
Carfentrazone-ethyl EW Herbicide Lawn 21.3 3.22 3.032
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Cyclosulfamuron·Fentrazamide GR Herbicide Rice 1.45 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Cyclosulfamuron·Mefenacet GR Herbicide Rice 3.92 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Cyclosulfamuron·Pyriftalid GR Herbicide Rice 0.92 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Cyclosulfamuron·Pyriminobac-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.52 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Fentrazamide·Imazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 1.5 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Fentrazamide·Pyrazosulfuronethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.32 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Fentrazamide·Pyrazosulfuronethyl UG Herbicide Rice 7.92 4.01 3.55
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Flucetosulfuron·Imazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice, Lawn 0.57 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Glyphosate-isopropylamine ME Herbicide Apple, etc. 20.5 8.73 8.73
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Halosulfuron-methyl· Pyriminobac-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.53 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Imazosulfuron·Mefenacet SE Herbicide Rice 23.1 8.5 5.13
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Imazosulfuron·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.43 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Imazosulfuron·Pyriminobacmethyl DT Herbicide Rice 7.2 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Imazosulfuron·Pyriminobacmethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.6 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Mefenacet·Pyrazosulfuronethyl GR Herbicide Rice 3.65 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.33 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Penoxsulam·Pyrazosulfuronethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.3 4.92 4.92
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Pretilachlor·Pyrazosulfuronethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.17 3.964 3.539
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriftalide GR Herbicide Rice 0.82 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethlyl·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobac-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.42 >10 >10
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 7.32 1.81 1.74
Carfentrazone-ethyl·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 7.25 3.46 3.24
Carpropamid SC Fungicide Rice 15 >10 >10
Carpropamid SC Fungicide Rice 30 >10 >10
Carpropamid·Fludioxonil·Imidacloprid WS Insecti-Fungicide Rice 63 >10 >10
Carpropamid·Iminoctadine triacetate SC Fungicide Rice 12 13 7.76
Carpropamid·Prochloraz-manganese·Imidacloprid WS Insecti-Fungicide Rice 62.5 >10 >10
Carpropamid·Thiacloprid GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 3 >10 >10
Chlorantraniliprole GR Insecticide Rice 0.4 >10 >10
Chlorantraniliprole SC Insecticide Rice 2.7 38.866 22.679
Chlorantraniliprole WG Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 5 >10 >10
Chlorantraniliprole WP Insecticide Rice, Orange, etc. 4 7.538 6.654
Chlorantraniliprole WT Insecticide Rice 20 >4.5 >4.5
Chlorantraniliprole·Clothianidin GR Insecticide Rice 0.65 >10 >10
Chlorantraniliprole·Clothianidin SC Insecticide Rice 4.7 >10 >10
Chlorantraniliprole·Flonicamid WG Insecticide Orange 10 >8.5 >8.5
Chlorantraniliprole·Indoxacarb WG Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 7 1.326 1.326
Chlorantraniliprole·Lambda-cyhalothrin SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 13.89 0.002 0.001786
Chlorantraniliprole·Thiacloprid SC Insecticide Rice 10.7 >10 >10
Chlorantraniliprole·Thiametoxam SC Insecticide Rice, Chinese cabbage, etc. 24.5 >10 >10
Chlorfenapyr SC Insecticide Pear, etc. 10 0.062 0.062
Chlorfenapyr·Clothianidin EC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 5.5 0.17 0.17
Chlorfenapyr·Clothianidin SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 12 0.18 0.17
Chlorfenapyr·Cyenopyrafen SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 24 0.37 0.31
Chlorfenapyr·Cyflumetofen DC Insecticide Orange, etc. 11.5 0.17 0.13
Chlorfenapyr·Etofenprox SE Insecticide Pear, Apple 11 0.222 0.222
Chlorfenapyr·Flufenoxuron DC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, Apple 4.5 0.070 0.070
Chlorfenapyr·Imidacloprid SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 12 0.24 0.18
Chlorfenapyr·Metaflumizone EC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 16 0.114 0.067
Chlorfenapyr·Pyridaben SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 13 0.04 0.04
Chlorfenapyr·Thiamethoxam SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 6 0.22 0.2
Chlorfluazuron SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 10 >10 >10
Chlorfluazuron·Indoxacarb SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 7 1.111 1.111
Chlorothalonil SC Fungicide Peach, etc. 53 0.079 0.079
Chlorothalonil WG Fungicide Apple, etc. 82.5 0.04 0.03
Chlorothalonil WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 75 0.19 0.17
Chlorothalonil·Cymoxanil WP Fungicide Grape, etc. 46 0.095 0.094
Chlorothalonil·Difenoconazole WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 24 0.191 0.182
Chlorothalonil·Dithianon SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 35 0.102 0.092
Chlorothalonil·Kasugamycin SC Fungicide Red pepper, Watemelon 35 0.13 0.11
Chlorothalonil·Mandipropamid SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 36.63 0.068 0.055
Chlorothalonil·Metalaxyl-M SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 34.5 0.019 0.018
Chlorothalonil·Oxine-copper WP Fungicide Apple 60 0.318 0.303
Chlorothalonil·Propamocarb hydrochloride SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 62 0.153 0.13
Chlorothalonil·Pyrimethanil SC Fungicide Eggplant, etc. 43.4 0.073 0.065
Chlorothalonil·Tebuconazole WP Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 50 0.34 0.34
Chlorothalonil·Thiram SC Fungicide Orange 70 0.027 0.008
Chlorothalonil·Trifloxystrobin SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 35 0.14 0.14
Chlorpropham EC Plant growth regulator Potato 45.8 >2 >2
Chlorpyrifos EC Insecticide Apple, etc. 20 0.019 0.016
Chlorpyrifos GR Insecticide Tobacco, etc. 2 0.084 0.059
Chlorpyrifos ME Insecticide Orange 21 10.51 7.16
Chlorpyrifos WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 25 0.024 0.018
Chlorpyrifos·Cypermethrin EC Insecticide Apple 12.5 0.024 0.022
Chromafenozide EC Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 5 2.09 1.68
Chromafenozide SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 5 4.19 3.674
Chromafenozide·Clothianidin EC Insecticide Rice 3.5 0.64 0.61
Chromafenozide·Etofenprox EC Insecticide Rice, Persimmon, etc. 13 1.402 0.114
Chromafenozide·Fenitrothion EC Insecticide Rice 37.5 4.432 4.047
Clomazone GR Herbicide Bean 2 >10 >10
Clomazone·Pentoxazone EC Herbicide Rice 7.5 0.62 0.58
Clomazone·Fentrazamide EC Herbicide Rice 5 0.86 0.86
Clomazone·Pretilachlor EC Herbicide Rice 15.6 1.43 1.04
Clomazone·Pretilachlor EW Herbicide Rice 15.6 3.94 2.87
Clothianidin GR Insecticide Rice 0.5 >10 >10
Clothianidin GR Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 1.8 >10 >10
Clothianidin SC Insecticide Rice, Orange, etc. 8 >10 >10
Clothianidin SG Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 8 >10 >10
Clothianidin SL Insecticide Rice, Rose, etc. 20 >10 >10
Clothianidin UG Insecticide Rice 1.5 >10 >10
Clothianidin WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 8 5.56 4.93
Clothianidin WS Insecticide Rice 21 >10 >10
Clothianidin·Diflubenzuron SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 20 >10 >10
Clothianidin·Fenitrothion GR Insecticide Potato, etc. 5.3 4.62 4.56
Clothianidin·Flubendiamide SC Insecticide Rice 6 >10 >10
Clothianidin·Flufenoxuron SC Insecticide Strawberry, Melon 10 >10 >10
Clothianidin·Indoxacarb WP Insecticide Rice 9 1.36 1.36
Clothianidin·Methoxyfenozide SC Insecticide Rice, Orange, etc. 15 >10 >10
Clothianidin·Priproxyfen SE Insecticide Cucummber, Tomato 15 3.41 1.61
Clothianidin·Pyridalyl SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 24 >10 >10
Clothianidin·Spinetoram SC Insecticide Cucummber, etc. 10 2.43 2.04
Clothianidin·Tebufenozide SC Insecticide Rice 9 >10 >10
Copper hydroxide WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 46.1 0.353 0.300
Copper hydroxide WP Fungicide Tomato, etc. 77 2.15 2.15
Copper hydroxide·Oxadixyl WP Fungicide Sesame, etc. 70 >2 >2
Copper hydroxide·Streptomycin WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 60 3.84 3.28
Copper oxychloride·Dithianon WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 55 >2 >2
Copper oxychloride·Kasugamycin WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 50.75 >10 >10
Copper oxychloride·Metalaxyl GR Fungicide Ginger 6.7 >10 >10
Copper oxychloride·Metalaxyl-M GR Fungicide Ginger, etc. 5.7 >10 >10
Copper oxychloride·Metalaxyl-M WP Fungicide Chinese, cabbage, etc. 42.5 >10 >10
Copper sulfate basic WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 58 >10 >10
4-CPA SL Plant growth regulator Tomato, etc. 0.15 6.575 5.332
4-CPA·Gibberellic SP Plant growth regulator Melon 3.75 >10 >10
Cuprous oxide·Streptomycin WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 38 3.411 2.837
Cyantraniliprole DC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 5 3.668 2.728
Cyantraniliprole EC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 5 0.927 0.803
Cyantraniliprole OD Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 10.26 2.91 2.11
Cyantraniliprole SC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 18.66 >8.3 >8.3
Cyantraniliprole·Pymetrozine WG Insecticide Rice, Radish, etc. 60 >60 >60
Cyantraniliprole·Thiamethoxam WG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 40 >40 >40
Cyazofamid SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 10 >10 >10
Cyazofamid·Fluopicolide SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 13 3.3 2.9
Cyazofamid·Valifenalate SC Fungicide Onion, etc. 8 >9.659 >9.659
Cyclaniliprole SL Insecticide Apple, etc. 4.5 41.5 36.2
Cyclosulfamuron WP Herbicide Lawn 10 >10 >10
Cyclosulfamuron·Fentrazamide SC Herbicide Rice 7.2 3.553 3.24
Cyclosulfamuron·Mefenacet GR Herbicide Rice 3.17 >10 >10
Cyclosulfamuron·Mefenacet SC Herbicide Rice 22.2 >10 >10
Cyclosufamuron·Penoxuram SC Herbicide Lawn 1.68 9.82 8.95
Cyclosulfamuron·Pyriminobac-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.27 >10 >10
Cyclosulfamuron·Pyriminobac-methyl DT Herbicide Rice 1.62 8.319 8.134
Cyenopyrafen SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 25 >10 >10
Cyenopyrafen·Etoxazole SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 23 >7.73 >7.73
Cyenopyrafen·Flufenoxuron SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 25 12.64 11.06
Cyenopyrafen·Pyridaben SC Insecticide Pear, etc. 16.5 0.2 0.16
Cyflufenamid·Difenaconazole SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 11.5 1.28 1.02
Cyflufenamid·Simeconazole SE Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 13.5 8.12 7.45
Cyflufenamid·Triflumizole EC Fungicide Pear, etc. 9.5 0.62 0.62
Cyflumetofen DC Insecticide Apple, etc. 10 0.401 0.401
Cyflumetofen SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 20 4.65 4.65
Cyflumetofen·Fenpyfoximate SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 16.5 0.023 0.021
Cyfluthrin EC Insecticide Apple, etc. 2 0.013 0.013
Cyfluthrin·Tebupyrimfos GR Insecticide Potato, etc. 2.1 >10 >10
Cyhalofop-butyl·Imazosulfuron·Pretilachlor SE Herbicide Rice 11.1 2.17 1.55
Cyhalofop-butyl·Propanil EC Herbicide Rice 44.5 11.309 11.309
Cymoxanil·Ethaboxam WP Fungicide Tomato, etc. 19 0.53 0.53
Cymoxanil·Famoxadone SC Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 21 2.48 1.56
Cymoxanil·Famoxadone WG Fungicide Grape, etc. 52.5 5.39 4.671
Cymoxanil·Mancozeb WP Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 56 >10 >10
Cymoxanil·Mandipropamid SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 20 >10 >10
Cymoxanil·Zoxamide WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 22 >10 >10
Cypermethrin EC Insecticide Apple, etc. 5 0.007 0.007
Cyproconazole SL Fungicide Apple, etc. 4.5 >2 >2
Cyproconazole WG Fungicide Lawn 40 >10 >10
Cyprodinil WG Fungicide Ginseng, etc. 50 2.969 2.095
Cyprodinil·Difenoconazole EW Fungicide Pear, etc. 32.52 2.03 1.831
Cyprodinil·Fludioxonil WG Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 62.5 0.89 0.671
2,4-D SL Herbicide Rice 40 >2 >2
2,4-D ethylester WP Herbicide Rice 18 >2 >2
Daimuron·Mefenacet·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 5.07 >10 >10
Daimuron·Imazosulfuron·Oxaziclomefone SC Herbicide Rice, Lawn 11.5 >10 >10
Daminozide WP Plant growth regulator Poinsettia 85 >10 >10
Dazomet GR Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 50 32.77 23.23
DBEDC AL Fungicide Rose, etc. 0.04 6.07 5.17
DBEDC EC Fungicide Tobacco, etc. 20 9.18 4.82
Decyl alcohol EC Plant growth regulator Tobacco 78 4.53 4.53
Deltamethrin EC Insecticide Apple, etc. 1 0.00025 0.00016
Deltamethrin EW Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 2.7 0.0019 0.0017
Deltamethrin·Lambda-cyhalothrin WP Insecticide Persimmon 1.5 0.0015 0.0014
Deltamethrin·Methoxyfenozide SC Insecticide Pear, Apple 9.6 0.496 0.496
Deltamethrin·Profenofos EC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 15.6 0.025 0.021
Deltamethrin·Tebupirimfos GR Insecticide Potato, etc. 2.1 0.22 0.2
Deltamethrin·Thiacloprid SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 9.6 0.013 0.013
Deltamethrin·Thiodicarb SC Insecticide Peach, etc. 31 0.43 0.26
Diafenthiuron SC Insecticide Cucumber 23.3 5.419 0.739
Diazinon CS Insecticide Lawn 25 >10 >10
Diazinon DP Insecticide Chinese cabbage 2 1.876 1.398
Diazinon EC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 34 5.63 5.45
Diazinon GR Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 3 8.78 7.17
Diazinon·Etofenprox WP Insecticide Lawn 33 1.61 1.13
Diazinon·Imidacloprid GR Insecticide Red pepper 3 16.287 14.365
Diazinon·Phorate GR Insecticide Potato, Garlic 5 >10 9.54
Diazinon·Phoxim DP Insecticide Potato 3.5 3.67 3.09
Diazinon·Terbufos GR Insecticide Potato, Chinese cabbage 4.5 0.117 0.081
Diazinon·Thiamethoxam GR Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 6 20.735 19.991
Dicamba SL Herbicide Lawn, etc. 48.2 >10 >10
Dichlobenil GR Herbicide Pear, etc. 2.65 >10.928 >10.928
Dichlobenil·Imazaquin GR Herbicide Lawn, etc. 4.5 >10 >10
Dichloprop triethanol amine SL Plant growth regulator Apple 5 >2 >2
Dichlorvos·Etofenprox EC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, Leek 30 1.48 1.36
Dichlorvos·Lambda-cyhalothrin DC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 20.8 0.011 0.011
Diethofencarb·Thiophanate-methyl WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 55 19.88 13.68
Difenoconazole DC Fungicide Apple, etc. 5 0.392 0.348
Difenoconazole EC Fungicide Melon, etc. 10 0.519 0.505
Difenoconazole EC Fungicide Watermelon, etc. 20 1.176 1.135
Difenoconazole EW Fungicide Apple, etc. 5 1.27 1.27
Difenoconazole ME Fungicide Apple, etc. 8 0.57 0.47
Difenoconazole SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 10 1.27 1.15
Difenoconazole WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 10 1.06 1.06
Difenoconazole·Diniconazole SC Fungicide Pear 9.5 1.843 1.422
Difenonconazole·Dithianon WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 34 0.117 0.117
Difenoconazole·Fludioxonil WP Fungicide Eggplant, etc. 18 1.329 1.329
Difenoconazole·Fluxapyroxad SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 11.7 0.42 0.37
Difenoconazole·Iminoctadin-triacetate ME Fungicide Apple, etc. 18 4.35 4.16
Difenoconazole·Kresoxim-methyl SC Fungicide Pear, etc. 26 0.652 0.553
Difenoconazole·Metrafenone SC Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 17 1.77 1.77
Difenoconazole·Polyoxin B WP Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 18 2.29 1.68
Difenoconazole·Polyoxin D WP Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 6.5 2.2 2.11
Difenoconazole·Pyraclostrobin SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 12 0.032 0.032
Difenoconazole·Pyribencarb SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 16 2.378 2.378
Difenoconazole·Pyriofenone SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 15 2.03 1.97
Difenoconazole·Tebuconazole DC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 9 2.14 1.98
Difenoconazole·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 21 2.84 2.84
Difenoconazole·Thiophanate-methyl SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 24 >10 >10
Difenoconazole·Thiophanate-methyl WP Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 40 11.57 11.16
Difenoconazole·Triflumizole ME Fungicide Watermelon, etc. 7.5 1.36 1.26
Diflubenzuron SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 14 >10 >10
Diflubenzuron WG Insecticide Peach, etc. 50 >10 >10
Diflubenzuron WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 25 >10 >10
Diflubenzuron·Etofenprox SE Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 15 9.18 6.74
Diflubenzuron·Imidacloprid WP Insecticide Strawberry, Rose 15 >10 >10
Diflubenzuron·Lambda-cyhalothrin WP Insecticide Orange, Apple 19 0.018 0.018
Diflubenzuron·Sulfoxaflor WG Insecticide Red pepper, Apple 26.2 >10 >10
Diflufenican·Glyphosate-isopropylamine SC Herbicide Noncropland 30.8 >9.8 >9.8
Dimethametryn GR Herbicide Rice 0.3 >9.022 >9.022
Dimethametryn·Esprocarb·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 5.77 2.3 2.3
Dimethametryn·Halosulfuron-methyl·Penocsulram GR Herbicide Rice 0.98 5.109 5.109
Dimethametryn·Halosulfuron-methyl·Pyriminobacmethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.98 5.32 4.8
Dimethametryn·Mefenacet·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 4.07 >10 >10
Dimethametryn·Metazosulfron GR Herbicide Rice 0.63 5.19 4.7
Dimethametryn·Penoxsulam·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.85 4.91 4.15
Dimethametryn·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobacmethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.47 >10 >10
Dimethametryn·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 7.42 1.87 1.84
Dimethenamid GR Herbicide Bean, etc. 2.5 6.59 4.49
Dimethenamid-P EC Herbicide Potato, etc. 62.3 5.891 4.557
Dimethenamid-P·Pendimethalin EC Herbicide Corn, etc. 25 0.67 0.5
Dimethoate EC Insecticide Garlic, etc. 46 7.107 6.212
Dimethoate GR Insecticide Garlic 5 >8.777 >8.777
Dimethomorph SC Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 50 10.341 9.723
Dimethomorph WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 74.2 >10 >10
Dimethomorph WP Fungicide Potato, etc. 25 >10 >10
Dimethomorph WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 18 >10 >10
Dimethomorph·Ethaboxam SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 63 >10 >10
Dimethomorph·Mancozeb WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 19.5 >10 >10
Dimethomorph·Metalaxyl-M WP Fungicide Potato, etc. 25 8.29 0.54
Dimethomorph·Picarbutrazox SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 18 9.175 8.685
Dimethomorph·Propineb WP Fungicide Potato, Onion 34.6 0.24 0.24
Dimethomorph·Pyraclostrobin SC Fungicide Orange, etc. 25.5 0.052 0.052
Dimethomorph·Pyraclostrobin WG Fungicide Potato, etc. 18.7 0.039 0.022
Dimethyl disulfide AL Insecti-Fungicide Watermelon, etc. 99.55 37.973 36.796
Dimethyl disulfide EC Insecti-Fungicide Watermelon, etc. 94.56 11.671 10.844
Dinotefuran SG Insecticide Rice, Persimmon, etc. 50 >10 >10
Dintefuran SL Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 10 6.23 4.82
Dinotefuran WG Insecticide Rice, Cucumber, etc. 20 5.73 5.06
Dinotefuran WP Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 10 >10 >10
Dinotefuran WS Insecticide Rice 70 >10 >10
Dinotefuran·Etofenprox ME Insecticide Rice, Grape 13 2.78 2.35
Dinotefuran·Etofenprox WP Insecticide Rice, Persimmon, etc. 13 >10 >10
Dithianon SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 43 0.04 0.04
Dithianon WG Fungicide Apple, etc. 66 0.228 0.174
Dithianon·Fluxapyroxad SC Fungicide Peach, etc. 28 0.023858 0.023858
Dithianon·Kasugamycin WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 37.5 0.048 0.048
Dithianon·Metalaxyl-M WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 35 0.197 0.19
Dithianon·Metconazole WG Fungicide Orange, etc. 35 0.057 0.057
Dithianon·Pyraclostrobin SE Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 32 0.035356 0.035356
Dithianon·Pyraclostrobin WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 16 0.0576 0.0554
Dithianon·Simeconazole WG Fungicide Watermelon 43 0.0573 0.0528
Dinotefuran DP Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 0.7 >10 >10
Dinotefuran GR Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 1 >10 >10
Dinotefuran GR Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 2 >10 >10
Dinotefuran·Etofenprox FG Insecticide Potato, Ginseng 1.24 4.216 3.967
Dinotefuran·Methoxyfenozide WG Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 28 >10.4 >10.4
Dinotefuran·Spinetoram SC Insecticide Cucumber, etc. 10 >10 >10
Dinotefuran·Spinetoram WG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 20 >9.5 >9.5
Dinotefuran·Spinosad WG Insecticide Orange, etc. 25 >10 >10
Dinotefuran·Zetacypermethrin DC Insecticide Grape 14.8 0.00384 0.00323
Dithiopyr EW Insecticide Lawn 23.9 0.98 0.93
Dithiopyr·Penoxsulam WP Herbicide Lawn 11.5 5.967 5.967
Emamectin benzoate EW Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 2.2 0.094 0.054
Emamectin benzoate ME Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 2.15 0.08 0.072
Emamectin benzoate SG Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 5 0.182 0.172
Emamectin benzoate SL Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 2 0.457 0.304
Emamectin benzoate WG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 5 0.147 0.057
Emamectin benzoate·Lufenuron WG Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 3.2 0.706 0.443
Emamectin benzoate·Flonicamid WG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 9 1.919 1.084
Emamectin benzoate·Indoxacarb WP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 9.7 1.32 0.733
Epoxyconazole SC Herbicide Garlic, etc. 11.5 0.431 0.306
Epoxyconazole·Orysastrobin SC Fungicide Rice 13 3.8 3.43
Esprocarb·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 5.07 >10 >10
Ethaboxam DP Fungicide Chinese cabbage 0.35 >10 >10
Ethaboxam SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 15 0.43 0.39
Ethaboxam·Famoxadone WP Fungicide Potato, etc. 16 0.24 0.24
Ethaboxam·Propineb WP Fungicide Potato, etc. 63.5 9.42 6.6
Ethalfluralin EC Herbicide Bean, etc. 35 0.78 0.78
Ethalfluralin·Linuron GR Herbicide Potato, etc. 4 5.52 4.77
Ethephon SL Plant growth regulator Persimmon 19.5 >10 >10
Ethephon SL Plant growth regulator Persimmon, etc. 39 >10 >10
Ethoprophos GR Insecticide Tobacco, etc. 5 2.23 1.96
Ethoprophos·Terbufos GR Insecticide Potato, etc. 5.5 0.111053 0.087446
Etofenprox CS Insecticide Rice, Peach, etc. 20 >10 >10
Etofenprox EC Insecticide Rice, Cucumber, etc. 20 6.99 6.99
Etofenprox GR Insecticide Rice 0.5 >10 >10
Etofenprox SO Insecticide Rice 4 >10 >10
Etofenprox WP Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 10 >10 >10
Etofenprox·Fenobucarb EC Insecticide Rice 25 3.72 1.07
Etofenprox·Flubendiamide WP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 14 3.99 3.13
Etofenprox·Imidacloprid SE Insecticide Orange 8 0.243 0.216
Etofenprox·Indoxacarb WP Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 11.5 4.32 3.79
Etofenprox·Metaflumizone SE Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 11 0.99 0.744
Etofenprox·Methoxyfenozide SE Insecticide Rice, Chestnut, etc. 11.2 13.47 7.12
Etofenprox·Methoxyfenozide WP Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 11.2 >10 >10
Etofenprox·Pyridalyl ME Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 15.5 0.83 0.3
Etofenprox·Sulfoxaflor SE Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 11.1 6.627 2.879
Etofenprox·Tebufenozide EC Insecticide Rice, Lawn, etc. 14 2.16 2.02
Etofenprox·Terbufos GR Insecticide Garlic, etc. 3.5 0.13 0.13
Etoxazole SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 10 >10 >10
Etridiazole ME Fungicide Lawn, Ginseng 20 >10 >10
Etridiazole WP Fungicide Lawn 35 >10 >10
Etridiazole·Flutolanil EC Fungicide Lawn, etc. 24 2.569 2.569
Etridiazole·Hexaconazole EC Fungicide Rice, Lawn, etc. 23 3.41 3.28
Etridiazole·Polyoxin-D zinc salt WP Fungicide Lawn, etc. 12.25 >10 >10
Etridiazole·Thifluzamid EC Fungicide Lawn, etc. 22 1.067 0.753
Famoxadone SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 17.5 33.71 12.77
Famoxadone·Mancozeb WG Fungicide Potato, Cucumber 68.75 1.003 1.003
Famoxadone·Mandipropamid SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 16 4.485 4.485
Famoxadone·Metalaxyl-M DC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 15 0.15 0.15
Famoxadone·Zoxamide WG Fungicide Grape, etc. 17 1.83 1.2
Fenamidone·Fluopicolide SC Fungicide Red pepper, Cucumber 10 2.18 1.71
Fenarimol EC Fungicide Grape, etc. 12.5 1.09 1.055
Fenarimol WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 12 2.78 2.78
Fenazaquin EC Insecticide Orange, etc. 10 0.02 0.02
Fenazaquin·Hexythiazox SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 32 0.21 0.19
Fenbuconazole SC Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 6 0.76 0.7
Fenbuconazole WP Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 12 5.3 5.3
Fenbuconazol·Kresoxim-methyl SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 27 0.42 0.28
Fenbuconazole·Thianidil·Benfuracarb GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 12.6 1.341 1.341
Fenbuconazole·Thifluzamide SC Fungicide Rice, Lawn, etc. 4 0.58 0.56
Fenbuconazole·Tiadinil·Clothianidin WS Insecti-Fungicide Rice 46 5.212 4.608
Fenhexamid SC Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 42 7.7 7.7
Fenhexamid WP Fungicide Tomato, etc. 50 8.462 5.586
Fenhexamid·Iminoctadin trisalbesilate WP Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 50 4.05 3.71
Fenhexamid·Prochloraz-manganes WP Fungicide Ginseng, etc. 40 3.18 3.03
Fenhexamid·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Grape, etc. 36.3 5.7 5.29
Fenitrothion EC Insecticide Rice, Lawn, etc. 50 3.57 3.24
Fenitrothion WP Insecticide Grape, etc. 40 4.96 4.58
Fenitrothion·Fenvalerate WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 40 0.008 0.008
Fenobucarb DP Insecticide Rice 2 8.976 8.976
Fenobucarb EC Insecticide Rice 50 >10 >10
Fenoxanil GR Fungicide Rice 4 >10 >10
Fenoxanil SC Fungicide Rice 20 >10 >10
Fenoxanil·Iprobenfos EC Fungicide Rice 30 4.55 4.38
Fenoxanil·Isoprothiolane EC Fungicide Rice 35 2.657 2.23
Fenoxanil·Kasugamycin SC Fungicide Rice 22 5.54 5.21
Fenoxanil·Phthalide SC Fungicide Rice 25 >10 >10
Fenoxaprop-P-ethyl DC Herbicide Red pepper, etc. 7 6.96 6.96
Fenoxasulfone·Pyrimisulfan GG Herbicide Rice 4 >7.771 >7.771
Fenoxasulfone·Pyrimisulfan SC Herbicide Rice 4 >10 >10
Fenpropathrin FW Insecticide Rose, Tomato 10 0.0014 0.001
Fenpropathrin WP Insecticide Orange, etc. 5 0.268 0.268
Fenpyrazamine SC Fungicide Peach, etc. 30 5.634 5.585
Fenpyrazamine WG Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 60 5.001 5.001
Fenthion EC Insecticide Rice, Tree, etc. 50 1.68 1.68
Fentrazamide EC Herbicide Rice 1.9 2.5 2.4
Fentrazamide·Halosulfuron-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.98 >10 >10
Fentrazamide·Imazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 1.25 >10 >10
Fentrazamide·Imazosulfuron SC Herbicide Rice 7.5 5.64 5.55
Fentrazamide·Imazosulfuron SC Herbicide Rice 3.75 6.46 5.48
Fentrazamide·Mesotrione·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.37 >10 >10
Fentrazamide·Metazosulfuron DT Herbicide Rice 15.2 8.725 7.61
Fentrazamide·Metazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 1.33 5.44 5.44
Fentrazamide·Oxadiargyl EC Herbicide Rice 3.3 1.42 1.42
Fentrazamide·Oxadiazon EC Herbicide Rice 8 2.49 2.3
Fentrazamide·Pretilachlor EC Herbicide Rice 13.5 3 3
Fentrazamide·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.07 >10 >10
Fentrazamide·Pyrimisulfan DT Herbicide Rice 7 >9.802 >9.802
Fentrazamide·Pyrimisulfan SC Herbicide Rice 5.5 15.75 11.42
Fentrazamide·Simetryn EC Herbicide Rice 4.5 2.04 1.42
Fentrazamide·Tefuryltrione SC Herbicide Rice 12 >7.542 >7.542
Fenvalerate EC Insecticide Orange, etc. 5 0.053 0.053
Ferimzone SC Fungicide Rice 40 >10.64 >10.64
Ferimzone·Isoprothiolane WP Fungicide Rice 45 >10 >10
Ferimzone·Isothianil SC Fungicide Rice 20 14.58 13.17
Ferimzone·Kasugamycin SC Fungicide Rice 22.5 >12.081 >11.923
Ferimzone·Phthalide SC Fungicide Rice 30 >10 >10
Ferimzone·Prochloraz·Dinotefuran WS Insecti-Fungicide Rice 55 6.19 5.51
Ferimzone·Thiadinil WP Fungicide Rice 40 6.23 4.78
Ferimzone·Thifluzamide SC Fungicide Rice 33 16.015 13.418
Ferimzone·Thifluzamide·Metaflumizone SC Insecti-Fungicide Rice 38 6.935 6.152
Ferimzone·Thiophanate-methyl SC Fungicide Rice 40 >12.006 >12.006
Ferimzone·Tricyclazole SC Fungicide Rice 23 >10 >10
Ferimzone·Tricyclazole WP Fungicide Rice 40 >10 >10
Ferimzone·Validamycin-A SC Fungicide Rice 35 >7.48 >7.48
Ferimzone·Validamycin-A WP Fungicide Rice 35 >10 >10
Fipronil FG Insecticide Rice, Potato 0.6 0.51 0.27
Flazasulfuron GR Herbicide Lawn 0.15 1.33 0.53
Flazasulfuron WG Herbicide Lawn 25 >10 >10
Flazasulfuron WP Herbicide Lawn 10 >2 >2
Flazasulfuron·Imazaquin WG Herbicide Lawn 32.5 >10 >10
Flazasulfuron·MCPA WG Herbicide Lawn 37.5 >10 >10
Flonicamid GR Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 2 >10 >10
Flonicamid SG Insecticide Orange, etc. 50 >519 >519
Flonicamid WG Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 10 >10 >10
Flonicarmid·Sulfoxaflor WG Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 10 >10 >10
Flonicamid·Thiacloprid WG Insecticide Red pepper, Apple 15 >7.49 >7.49
Fluazifop-P-butyl EC Herbicide Garlic, etc. 17.5 1.42 1.34
Fluazinam DP Fungicide Chinese cabbage, etc. 1 0.08 0.06
Fluazinam SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 50 0.099 0.099
Fluazinam SC Fungicide Potato, etc. 41 0.0014 0.0011
Fluazinam WG Fungicide Onion, etc. 50 0.35 0.28
Fluazinam WP Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 50 0.043 0.043
Fluazinam·Acetamiprid GR Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 1.3 0.166 0.14
Fluazinam·Propineb WP Fungicide Orange, Apple 50 1.071 1.071
Fluazinam·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Orange, etc. 41.6 0.21 0.19
Flubendiamide EC Insecticide Rice, Corn 2 2.1 1.9
Flubendiamide SC Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 20 >10 >10
Flubendiamide·Flufenoxuron SC Insecticide Peach, etc. 20 >8.8 >8.8
Flubendiamide·Teflubenzuron SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 20 >10 >10
Flubendiamide·Thiacloprid SC Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 20 >10 >10
Flucetosulfuron DT Herbicide Rice 0.5 2.83 2.68
Flucetosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 0.07 0.638 0.609
Flucetosulfuron GR Herbicide Lawn 0.5 >10 >10
Flucetosulfuron WG Herbicide Rice 10 >10 >10
Flucetosulfuron WP Herbicide Rice, Lawn 50 >10 >10
Flucetosulfuron·Halosulfuron-methyl DT Herbicide Rice 1.5 7.83 7.51
Flucetosulfuron·Halosulfuron-methyl·Mesotrione DT Herbicide Rice 3.3 >10 >10
Flucetosulfuron·imazaquin GR Herbicide Lawn 2.3 >10 >10
Flucetosulfuron·Imazaquin WG Herbicide Lawn 15 >10 >10
Flucetosulfuron·Imazosulfuron GG Herbicide Rice 1.8 10.19 8.86
Flucetosulfuron·Mesotrione·Pretilachlor GR Herbicide Rice 0.97 3.538 2.568
Flucetosulfuron·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.12 >10 >10
Flucetosulfuron·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl WG Herbicide Rice, Lawn 7 >10 >10
Flucetosulfuron·Pyrazolate·Simetryn GR Herbicide Rice 3.77 >10 >10
Fludioxonil DC Fungicide Rice 20 0.841 0.841
Fludioxonil FS Fungicide Rice, Potato, etc. 10 >10 >10
Fludioxonil FW Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 20 >10 >10
Fludioxonil SC Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 20 2.17 1.97
Flidioxoni WG Fungicide Rice, Cucumber, etc. 20 1.684 0.827
Fludioxonil WP Fungicide Lawn, etc. 50 0.507 0.466
Fludioxonil·Metalaxyl-M SC Fungicide Red pepper, Cucumber 3.4 1.114 0.915
Fludioxonil·Iminoctadine triacetate SC Fungicide Rice 20 1.739 1.739
Fludioxonil·Isotianil·Imidacloprid WS Insecti-Fungicide Rice 43 >8.91 >8.91
Fludioxonil·Penthiopyrad SC Fungicide Cucumber 18 0.552 0.552
Fludioxonil·Prochloraz FS Fungicide Rice 13.77 2.002 1.859
Fludioxonil·Prochloraz SC Fungicide Rice 33 1.551 1.434
Fluensulfone EC Insecticide Melon, etc. 40 2.843 2.72
Flufenoxuron EC Insecticide Strawberry, Melon 5 0.66 0.6
Flufenoxuron·Indoxacarb WP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 4.5 3.152 3.039
Flufenoxuron·Metaflumizone SC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 8.5 1.111 0.585
Flufenoxuron·Sulfoxaflor SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 10.2 >10 >10
Flumioxazin·Glyphosate isopropylamine SC Herbicide Orange, Apple 29.5 >10 >10
Fluopicolide·Iprovalicarb SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 16 6.72 4.83
Fluopicolide·Propamocarb hydrochloride SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 55 >10 >10
Fluopyram SC Fungicide Watermelon, etc. 40 >9.9 >9.9
Fluopyram·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Pear, Apple 35.4 7.863 7.863
Fluopyram·Trifloxystrobin SC Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 42.6 0.12 0.102
Fluopyram GR Insecticide Cucumber, etc. 0.5 4.78 4.25
Flupoxam WG Herbicide Lawn 50 2.1 2.1
Flupyradifurone SL Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 17.09 >100 >100
Fluquinconazole WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 25 >10 >10
Fluquinconazole GR Fungicide Garlic, etc. 2 5.81 4.68
Fluquinconazole·Tebuconazole GR Fungicide Garlic, etc. 3 >10 >10
Fluquinconazole·Tetraconazole SE Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 21 7.26 6.33
Fluquinconazole·Trifluxystrobin SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 28 0.04 0.04
Fluquinconazole·Prochloraz manganese PA Fungicide Apple, Watermelon 2.4 1.896 1.726
Fluquinconazole·Prochloraz manganese WP Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 30 2.804 2.339
Fluquinconazole·Propineb WP Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 66 >10 >10
Fluquinconazole·Pyrimethanil SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 35 >10 >10
Fluroxypyr-mepthyl EC Herbicide Lawn 20 2.9 2.69
Fluroxypyr-mepthyl·Triclopyr TEA ME Herbicide Noncropland, Lawn 32.5 >9.111 >9.111
Flusilazole·Kresoxim-methyl SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 11.5 0.256 0.241
Flusulfamide DP Fungicide Chinese cabbage, leaf mustard 0.3 0.19 0.18
Flusulfamide FG Fungicide Chinese cabbage, etc. 0.3 0.46 0.32
Flusulfamide GR Fungicide Chinese cabbage 0.2 0.294 0.211
Flusulfamide SC Fungicide Chinese cabbage 12.5 0.36 0.23
Flusulfamide·Flutolanil DP Fungicide Chinese cabbage 1.3 1.434 0.664
Flusulfamide·Fluxapyroxad FG Fungicide Chinese cabbage 0.42 0.29 0.21
Fluthiacet-methyl·Glufosinate- ammonium ME Herbicide Potato, etc. 12.2 >9.814 >9.814
Flutianil EC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 5 0.669 0.577
Flutianil SC Fungicide Cucumber 2 >4.272 >4.165
Flutolanil GR Fungicide Rice, etc. 7 9.706 8.221
Flutolanil WG Fungicide Lawn 60 51.52 11.83
Flutolanil·Hymexazol WP Fungicide Rice 40 >9.933 >9.933
Flutolanil·Isoprothiolane EC Fungicide Garlic, Lawn 32 5.47 5.47
Flutolanil·Isoprothiolane WP Fungicide Garlic, Lawn 45 5.36 4.91
Flutolanil·Metalaxyl-M GR Fungicide Red pepper 3.5 6.83 4.71
Flutolanil·Propamocarb hydrochloride SC Fungicide Red pepper, Lawn 40 >10 >10
Fluxapyroxad GR Fungicide Onion, Garlic 0.4 0.295 0.191
Fluxapyroxad SC Fungicide Pear, etc. 15.3 0.37 0.28
Fluxapyroxad·Kresoxim-methyl SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 24 1.029 0.967
Fluxapyroxad·Metrafenone SC Fungicide Melone, etc. 17.1 0.43 0.41
Fluxapyroxad·Pyraclostrobin SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 12.9 0.029 0.024
Folpet WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 50 2.926 2.926
Foramsulfuron OD Herbicide Lawn 2.3 0.24 0.18
Fosetyl-Al WG Fungicide Lawn 79.7 >10 >10
Fosetyl-Al WP Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 80 >10 >10
Fosthiazate GR Insecticide Tomato, etc. 5 >9.675 >9.675
Fosthiazate SL Insecticide Melon, etc. 30 11.7 11.1
Gamma-cyhalothrin CS Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 1.4 0.0036 0.0027
Gamma-cyhalothrin·Imidacloprid ZC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 9.35 0.0251 0.0077
Gibberellic acid SP Plant growth regulator Grape, etc. 3.1 >10 >10
Gibberellic acid·Gibberellin A4+7 PA Plant growth regulator Pear 2.7 >10 >10
Gibberellic acid·Gibberellin A4+7 SP Plant growth regulator Pear, Apple 4 >10 >10
Gibberellic acid·Gibberellin A4+7·6-Benzyl aminopurine SL Plant growth regulator Apple 3.6 5.9 5.9
Gibberellic acid·Prohydrojasmon SL Plant growth regulator Pear 2 2.22 2.15
Glufosinate ammonium SL Herbicide Apple, etc. 18 >10 >10
Glufosinate ammonium·Glyphosate- isopropylamine SL Herbicide Apple, etc. 44 4.311 3.983
Glufosinate ammonium·MCPA SL Herbicide Apple, etc. 21 >10 >10
Glufosinate ammonium·MCPA SL Herbicide Orange, etc. 22 >10 >10
Glufosinate-P SL Herbicide Orange, etc. 9.8 9.313 9.313
Glyphosate ammonium SG Herbicide Apple 74 5.605 4.875
Glyphosate ammonium SL Herbicide Apple, etc. 41 >10 >10
Glyphosate ammonium SL Herbicide Apple, etc. 16.2 >10 >10
Glyphosate-isopropylamine SL Herbicide Apple, etc. 41 >10 >10
Glyphosate-isopropylamine SL Herbicide Apple, etc. 13.5 7.85 7.18
Glyphosate-isopropylamine·MCPA SL Herbicide Apple, etc. 39 >10 >10
Glyphosate-isopropylamine·MCPA SL Herbicide Orange, etc. 37 >10 >10
Glyphosate-isopropylamine·Mecoprop P SL Herbicide Noncropland, etc. 27.6 3.5 3.5
Glyphosate-isopropylamine·Mecoprop SL Herbicide Noncropland 31 2.566 2.566
Glyphosate-isopropylamine·Oxyfluorfen ME Herbicide Orange 21 4.9 3.3
Glyphosate- isopropylamine·Oxyfluorfen SC Herbicide Apple, etc. 43 >10 >10
Glyphosate ammonium·Oxyfluorfen WG Herbicide Apple 38 9.426 9.206
Glyphosate- isopropylamine·Pyraflufen-ethyl SC Herbicide Apple, etc. 30.15 >10 >10
Glyphosate potassium SL Herbicide Orange 44.75 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.2 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl·MCPA·Pyriminobac-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.78 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet GG Herbicide Rice 22.1 14.987 12.727
Halosulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet GG Herbicide Rice 11.04 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet GR Herbicide Rice 3.7 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet SC Herbicide Rice 21.08 65.36 40.01
Halosulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet·Pyriminobacmethyl GR Herbicide Rice 27.36 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl·Mefenacet·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 6.68 3.02 2.9
Halosulfuron-methyl·Mesotrione·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.56 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl·Oxaziclomefone GR Herbicide Rice 0.38 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl·Pretilachlor·Pyriminobacmethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.28 5.044 4.129
Halosulfuron-methyl·Pyriminobac-methyl DT Herbicide Rice 2.22 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl·Pyriminobac-methyl GG Herbicide Rice 3.36 >10 >10
Halosulfuron-methyl·Pyriminobac-methyl GG Herbicide Rice 0.28 >10 >10
Hexaconazole EC Fungicide Rice, Lawn, etc. 10 2.61 2.31
Hexaconazole GR Fungicide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 1 3.48 3.08
Hexaconazole SC Fungicide Pear, etc. 2 2.4097 2.4097
Hexaconazole SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 5 0.638 0.638
Hexaconazole WG Fungicide Barley, etc. 2 6.403 5.867
Hexaconazole WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 5 2.16 1.56
Hexaconazole·Iprobenfos GR Fungicide Rice 14.3 >10 >10
Hexaconazole·Isoprothiolane GR Fungicide Garlic, Onion 14 6.62 5.52
Hexaconazole·Metalaxyl GR Fungicide Garlic, etc. 2.5 8.973 8.387
Hexaconazole·Metalaxyl WP Fungicide Lawn 18 2.21 1.9
Hexaconazole·Pencycuron SC Fungicide Rice, Lawn 17 5.88 4.32
Hexaconazole·Prochloraz EC Fungicide Rice, Red pepper 26 1.41 1.36
Hexaconazole·Tebuconazole EC Fungicide Lawn 10 0.477 0.477
Hexaconazole·Tebuconazoel EC Fungicide Apple 26.5 3.373 3.373
Hexaconazole·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Apple, Lawn 21 4.51 4.4
Hexaconazole·Tefluthrin GR Insecti-Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 2 0.0012 0.0012
Hexaconazole·Thifluzamide GR Fungicide Rice, Onion, etc. 3 19.439 14.815
Hexaconazole·Thifluzamide SC Fungicide Rice, Garlic, etc. 7 3.41 3.29
Hexaconazole·Tiadinil SC Fungicide Rice 25 7.4 7.4
Hexaconazole·Tricyconazol SC Fungicide Rice 27 18.36 18.36
Hexaconazole·Validamycin-A ME Fungicide Lawn 10 4.583 4.2
Hexythiazox WP Insecticide Orange, etc. 10 >10 >10
Hymexazol DP Fungicide Rice 4 >10 >10
Hymexazol GR Fungicide Rice 4 >10 >10
Hymexazol SG Fungicide Rice 30 >10 >10
Hymexazol SL Fungicide Rice, Lawn, etc. 30 >10 >10
Hymexazol·Metalaxyl DP Fungicide Rice 4.5 >2 >2
Hymexazol·Metalaxyl-M DP Fungicide Rice 4.25 >10 >10
Hymexazol·Metalaxyl-M SL Fungicide Rice, Lawn 32 6.68 6.68
Imazaquin GR Herbicide Lawn 3 >10 >10
Imazaquin SL Herbicide Lawn 20 >10 >10
Imazaquin·Pendimethalin GR Herbicide Lawn 3.5 23 16
Imazaquin·Pendimethalin SE Herbicide Lawn 22 2.946 2.578
Imazosulfuron·Indanofan SC Herbicide Rice 3.9 3.587 3.335
Imazosulfuron·Mefenacet SC Herbicide Rice 21.5 >10 >10
Imazosulfuron·Mefenacet·Metamifop SC Herbicide Rice 18.3 3.76 3.76
Imazosulfuron·Mefenacet·Tefuryltrion SC Herbicide Rice 26.5 >8.706 >8.706
Imazosulfuron·Mefenacet·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 6.75 3.21 3.06
Imazosulfuron·Methamifop GR Herbicide Rice 0.55 5.739 4.97
Imazosulfuron·Oxaziclomefone GR Herbicide Rice 0.45 >10 >10
Imazosulfuron·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 1.98 >10 >10
Imazosulfuron·Pentoxazone GR Herbicide Rice 1.05 >10 >10
Imazosulfuron·Pyrazolate·Simetryn GR Herbicide Rice 3.88 >10 >10
Imazosulfuron·Pyriminobac-methyl GG Herbicide Rice 4.2 >10 >10
Imazosulfuron·Pyriminobac-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.35 >10 >10
Imazosulfuron·Pyriminobac-methyl SC Herbicide Rice 2.1 >10 >10
Imibenconazole EC Insecticide Chrysanthemum 5 0.600 0.600
Imibenconazole WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 15 4.51 2.87
Imicyafos GR Insecticide Melon, etc. 5 >9.7 >9.7
Imicyafos SL Insecticide Chrysanthemum, etc. 30 >9.813 >9.813
Imidacloprid AL Insecticide Chrysanthemum 0.005 2.04 1.79
Imidacloprid DC Insecticide Pine, etc. 20 >10 >10
Imidacloprid FG Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 1 >10 >10
Imidacloprid GR Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc 2 >10 >10
Imdacloprid ME Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 20 >10 >10
Imidacloprid SC Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 8 >10 >10
Imidacloprid SG Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 25 >10 >10
Imidacloprie SL Insecticide Rice, Apple 4 >10 >10
Imidacloprid WG Insecticide Pear, etc. 68 >10 >10
Imidacloprid WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 10 >10 >10
Imidacloprid·Lambda-cyhalothrin WP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 11 0.013 0.013
Imidacloprid·Methiocarb WP Insecticide Orange, etc. 23 >10 >10
Imidacloprid·Methoxyfenozide WP Insecticide Rice, Chinese cabbage, etc. 12 8.79 6.64
Imidacloprid·Spinetoram SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 12 >10 >10
Imidacloprid·Spinosad SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 15 >10 >10
Imidacloprid·Spirotetramat SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 22 6.365 6.217
Imidacloprid·Tebufenizide WP Insecticide Rice, Orange 8.6 >10 >10
Imidacloprid·Thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate WP Insecticide Pear 23 1.54 1.21
Imidacloprid·Novaluron SC Insecticide Orange, Apple 11.5 >10 >10
Iminoctadine triacetate SL Fungicide Apple, etc. 25 12.6 7.2
Iminoctadine triacetate·Penthiopyrad SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 20.5 3.517 2.924
Iminoctadine triacetate·Thiophanate-methyl PA Fungicide Apple 4 5.47 2.81
Iminoctadine tris(albesilate) EW Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 30 8.866 6.394
Iminoctadine tris(albesilate) SC Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 30 >10 >10
Iminoctadine tris(albesilate) WP Fungicide Green tea, etc. 40 >10 >10
Iminoctadine tris(albesilate)·Polyoxin-B WP Fungicide Ginseng, etc. 30 5.94 5.7
Iminoctadine tris(algesilate)·Pyribencarb WP Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 25 2.014 1.839
Iminoctadine tris(albesilate)·Thiophanate-methyl WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 60 12.37 11.81
Indaziflam SC Herbicide Apple, etc. 19.05 0.6 0.6
Indoxacarb EC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 4 0.29 0.2
Indoxacarb SC Insecticide Rice, Chinese cabbage, etc. 5 0.62 0.53
Indoxacarb WG Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc 30 1.604 1.604
Indoxacarb WP Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc 10 1.623 1.511
Indoxacarb·Spinosad WG Insecticide Orange, etc. 14 2.91 1.86
Indoxacarb·Teflubenzuron WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 3 3.8 3.8
Indoxacarb·Novaluron SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 9.75 3.06 1.37
Iodosulfuron-methyl sodium WG Herbicide Lawn 10 >10 >10
Ipconazole FS Fungicide Rice 8 1.6 1.6
Ipfencarbazone·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Tefuryltrione GR Herbicide Rice 1.6 >8.985 >8.985
Ipfencarbazone·Tefuryltrione SC Herbicide Rice 11 3.715 3.639
Iprobenfos EC Fungicide Rice 48 >10 >10
Iprobenfos GR Fungicide Rice 17 14.583 12.844
Iprobenfos·Metconazole GR Plant growth regulator Rice 13.7 >10 >10
Iprodione SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 43 4.26 4.26
Iprodione·Thiophanate-methyl WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 70 >2 >2
Iprodione·Trifloxystrobin SC Fungicide Lawn 24.4 1.526 1.437
Iprodione·Trifloxystrobin WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 38 0.3 0.27
Iprovalicarb·Propineb WP Fungicide Grape, etc. 66 >10 >10
Iprovalicarb·Zoxamide WP Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 22 >10 >10
Isofetamide SC Fungicide Orange, etc. 36 39 35
Isoprothiolane EC Fungicide Rice 40 2.570 2.379
Isoprothiolane GR Fungicide Rice, Apple, etc. 12 13.0 8.7
Isopyrazam EC Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 12.57 0.022 0.0155
Isotianil SC Fungicide Rice 18 >10 >10
Isotianil·Chlorantraniliprole·Clothianidin GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 1.9 >5.39 >5.39
Isotianil·Chlorantraniliprole·Imidaclopride GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 2.9 >5.31 >5.31
Isotianil·Clothianidin GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 1.5 >10 >10
Isotianil·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 1.6 1.683 1.482
Isotianil·Penflufen·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 3.1 0.508 0.46
Isotianil·Prochloraz-manganese·Fipronil FS Insecti-Fungicide Rice 15.75 1.21 1.21
Isotianil·Thiacloprid GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 2 10.661 4.65
Isotianil·Thifluzamide·Clothianidin GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 4.5 >10 >10
Isoxaben SC Herbicide Lawn 50 >2 >2
Kasugamycin SL Fungicide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 2.3 >2 >2
Kasugamycin WG Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 10 >10 >10
Kasugamycin WG Insecti-Fungicide Apple, etc. 36 >10 >10
Kasugamycin·Orysastrobin SC Fungicide Rice 7 1.08 1.021
Kasugamycin·Polyoxin D WG Fungicide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 13 >10 >10
Kasugamycin·Thiophanate-methyl SC Fungicide Rice, Red pepper etc. 39.35 >10 >10
Kasugamycin·Tricyclazole SC Fungicide Rice 22 12 11.45
Kasugamycin·Tricyclazole WP Fungicide Rice 22 11.597 11.231
Kasugamycin·Validamycin A·Clothianidin SL Insecti-Fungicide Rice 8.5 5.92 5.754
Kresoxim-methyl SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 44.2 0.36 0.34
Kresoxim-methyl WG Fungicide Apple, etc. 47 0.583 0.538
Kresoxim-methyl·Metconazole WG Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 30 0.368 0.339
Kresoxim-methyl·Triflumizole SC Fungicide Orange, etc. 35 0.769 0.64
Lambda-cyhalothrin DP Insecticide Chinese cabbage 0.2 0.511 0.511
Lambda-cyhalothrin EC Insecticide Apple, etc. 1 0.00067 0.00066
Lambda-cyhalothrin EW Insecticide Apple, etc. 3 0.00035 0.00035
Lambda-cyhalothrin ME Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 3 0.00074 0.00074
Lambda-cyhalothrin WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 1 0.076 0.076
Lambda-cyhalothrin·Imidacloprid WP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 11 0.013 0.013
Lambda-cyhalothrin·Lufenuron EC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 5 0.004 0.003
Lambda-cyhalothrin·Sulfoxaflor SL Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 8.2 0.003994 0.003675
Lambda-cyhalothrin·Thiamethoxam SG Insecticide Orange, etc. 8.1 0.008881 0.008591
Lepimectin EC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 2 0.015 0.015
Lime sulfur GR Fungicide Chinese cabbage, Orange 40 3.97 2.36
Linuron WP Herbicide Onion, etc. 50 7.7 7.11
Linuron·Pendimethalin GR Herbicide Potato, etc. 3.7 4.81 4.33
Linuron·Thiobencarb EC Herbicide Potato, etc. 70 2.91 2.46
Lufenuron EC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 5 0.46 0.46
Lufenuron EW Insecticide Red pepper, Chinese cabbage 5 3.3 2.63
Mancozeb WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 75 1.04 1.04
Mancozeb·Metalaxyl WP Fungicide Sesame, etc. 63.5 >10 >10
Mancozeb·Myclobutanil WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 67 >2 >2
Mancozeb·Oxadixyl WP Fungicide Potato, etc. 64 5.4 4.61
Mandestrobin SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 40 1.589 1.52
Mandipropamid SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 22.59 >10 >10
MCPA SL Herbicide Rice, Lawn 50 >10 >10
MCPA·Metazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 1.33 >10 >10
Mefenacet·Metazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 3.83 >10 >10
Mefenacet·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 21.5 6.7 6.32
Mefenacet·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 3.57 >10 >10
Mefenacet·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl SC Herbicide Rice 21.42 32.32 22.8
Mefenacet·Pyrimisulfan GR Herbicide Rice 3.72 >10.2 >10.2
Mefenacet·pyrimisulfan SC Herbicide Rice 16 10.163 5.261
Mefenacet·Pyrimisulfan UG Herbicide Rice 32 >91.7 >91.7
Mefenacet·Tefuryltrione SC Herbicide Rice 24.2 7.176 6.843
Mepanipyrim SC Fungicide Grape, etc. 40 >10 2.91
Mepanipyrim WP Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 50 >10 >10
Mepanipyrim·Myclobutanil SC Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 11.5 1.94 1.77
Mepiquat chloride SL Plant growth regulator Grape 44 >10 >10
Meptyldinocap EW Fungicide Cucumbr, etc. 24 0.15 0.083
Mesotrione·Metazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 0.63 >17.333 >17.333
Mesotrione·Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 2.28 >10 >10
Mesotrione·Penoxsulam·Pretilachlor GR Herbicide Rice 1.38 5.741 3.911
Mesotrione·Pretilachlor GR Herbicide Rice 4.6 2.017 1.614
Metaflumizone EC Insecticide Rice, Persimmon etc. 20 1.617 1.205
Metaflumizone SC Insecticide Rice, Chinese cabbage, etc. 20 7.057 5.627
Metalaxyl GR Fungicide Rice, Tobacco, etc. 1 >10 >10
Metalaxyl GR Fungicide Rice, Sesame, etc. 2 20.47 15.7
Metalaxyl WP Fungicide Rice, Chinese cabbage, etc. 25 >10 >10
Metalaxyl·Imidacloprid GR Insecti-Fungicide Red pepper, Sesame. 4.7 >10.626 >10.645
Metalaxyl·Tebuconazole GR Fungicide Red pepper, Garlic. 3 >10 >10
Metalaxyl-M EC Fungicide Tobacco, etc. 48 10.1 10.1
Metalaxyl-M SL Fungicide Rice, Tobacco, etc. 45.28 9.563 9.341
Metalaxyl-M WP Fungicide Rice, Tobacco, etc. 12 >10 >10
Metamifop·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.37 3.207 2.819
Metam sodium SL Insecti-Fungicide Pine, Melon 25 0.588 0.355
Metam sodium SL Insecti-Fungicide Potato, etc. 42 0.41 0.35
Metazosulfuron DT Herbicide Rice 4 >8.01 >8.01
Metazosulfuron DT Herbicide Rice 2 >10 >10
Metazosulfuron GR Herbicide Rice 0.33 30.6 30.6
Metazosulfuron SC Herbicide Rice 2 >8.98 >8.98
Metazosulfuron WG Herbicide Rice 33.33 >10 >10
Metazosulfuron WP Herbicide Rice 10 >10.76 >10.76
Metazosulfuron·Oxaziclomefone SC Herbicide Rice 2.8 >10 >10
Metazosulfuron·Pretilachlor GR Herbicide Rice 6.7 4.106 2.782
Metazosulfuron·Tefuryltrione DT Herbicide Rice 9.2 >10 >10
Metconazole GR Fungicide Garlic, etc. 0.75 4.111 2.306
Metconazole SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 20 4.67 4.65
Metconazole WG Fungicide Garlic, Apple 20 3.641 3.504
Metconazole·Bifenthrin EC Insecti-Fungicide Garlic, Onion 17 0.00566 0.005384
Metconazole·Bifenthrin GR Insecti-Fungicide Garlic 1.2 0.007022 0.006452
Metconazole·Pyraclostrobin SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 17 0.057 0.056
Metconazole·Thiophanate-methyl WG Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 56 >10 >10
Methiram WG Fungicide Orange, etc. 55 >10 >10
Methoxyfenozide SC Insecticide Rice, Chinese cabbage, etc. 21 >10 >10
Methoxyfenozide WP Insecticide Rice, Chinese cabbage, etc. 4 >10 >10
Metrafenone SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 25.2 >9.28 >9.28
Myclobutanil WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 6 6.41 6.41
1-naphtylacetamide DP Plant growth regulator Carnation 0.4 >10 >10
Napropamide GR Herbicide Tobacco, etc. 5 >10 >10
Napropamide EC Herbicide Red pepper, etc. 21.8 >10 >10
Napropamide SC Herbicide Red pepper, etc. 30 9.6 9.35
Napropamide WG Herbicide Lawn 49.5 >10 >10
Napropamide WP Herbicide Orange, etc. 50 >10 >10
Napropamide·Oxyfluorfen WP Herbicide Garlic, Lawn 42 8.09 7.89
Napropamide·Pendimethalin GR Herbicide Potato, Red pepper 5 >10 >10
Needs·Polyoxyethylene fatty acid ester ME Plant growth regulator Apple 62 6.11 5.71
Nicosulfuron SC Herbicide Corn 4 1.26 1.17
Nonyl phenol sulfonic acid copper WP Fungicide Watermelon, etc. 96.5 0.569 0.355
Novaluron SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 10 4.84 3.77
Ofurace·Propamocarb hydrochloride WP Fugicide Tomato, Grape 24 >10 >10
Orthosulfamuron·Pretilachlor GR Herbicide Rice 1.2 3.54 2.83
Orysastrobin SC Fungicide Rice 12 1.081 1.009
Orysastrobin·Benfuracarb GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 7.1 0.85 0.8
Orysastrobin·Benfuracarb·Chlorantraniliprole GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 6.8 0.73 0.67
Orysastrobin·Chlorantraniliprole GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 3.9 3.27 2.2
Orysastrobin·Chlorantraniliprole WS Insecti-Fungicide Rice 40 1.272 1.272
Orysastrobin·Clothianidin GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 4 3.8 3.67
Orysastrobin·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 2.8 2.458 1.655
Orysastrobin·Probenazole·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 8.6 1 0.79
Orysastrobin·Prochloraz-manganese·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 3.6 0.929 0.562
Orysastrobin·Thiamethoxam GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 4.5 3.726 2.433
Orysastrobin·Tricyclazole·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 3.6 >4.264 >4.264
Orysastrobin·Triticonazole·Clothianidin WS Insecti-Fungicide Rice 46 1.51 1.34
Oryzalin·Pendimethalin EC Herbicide Lawn 28 0.31 0.29
Oxadiargyl EC Herbicide Rice 1.7 0.9 0.83
Oxadiargyl SC Herbicide Lawn 34.5 >10 >10
Oxadiargyl·Oxadizon EC Herbicide Rice 6.2 1.47 1.47
Oxadiazon EC Herbicide Rice 12 2.7 2.7
Oxadiazon·Pretilachlor EW Herbicide Rice 18 2.32 1.9
Oxathiapiprolin SC Fungicide Onion, etc. 4 >10.7 >10.7
Oxaziclomefone·Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.28 6.97 6.97
Oxaziclomefone·PenoxsulamTefuryltrione GR Herbicide Rice 1 >10 >10
Oxaziclomefone·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl WG Herbicide Rice 17.75 >10 >10
Oxaziclomefone·Tefuryltrione DT Herbicide Rice 7.6 >10 >10
Oxaziclomefone·Tefuryltrione GR Herbicide Rice 1.27 >9.587 >9.587
Oxaziclomefone·Tefuryltrione SC Herbicide Rice 7.2 >10 >10
Oxaziclomefone·Tefuryltrione SC Herbicide Rice 2.6 >10 >10
Oxine-copper WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 50 0.17 0.15
Oxolinic acid SC Fungicide Chinese cabbage, Peach 20 >10 >10
Oxolinic acid WG Fungicide Chinese cabbage, etc. 20 >10 >10
Oxolinic acid WP Fungicide Rice, Chinese cabbage, etc. 20 >10 >10
Oxolinic acid·Oxytetracycline WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 20 >10 >10
Oxolinic acid·Streptomycin WP Fungicide Rice, Peach, etc. 25 >10 >10
Oxolinic acid·Streptomycin WP Fungicide Peach, etc. 20 13.679 12.893
Oxolinic acid·Validamycin-A WP Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 20 >10 >10
Oxycarboxin WP Fungicide Chrysanthemum 75 >10 >10
Oxytetracycline WP Fungicide Jujube, etc. 17 >10 >10
Oxytetracycline·Streptomycin sulfate salt SG Fungicide Orange, etc. 20.3 >10 >10
Oxytetracycline·Streptomycin sulfate salt WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 20.3 >10 >10
Paclobutrazole SC Plant growth regulator Lettuce, etc. 0.39 14.9 14.9
Paclobutrazole SC Plant growth regulator Lawn 22.9 >100 >100
Paraffin wax EW Others Red pepper, etc. 24 >10 >10
Paraffinic oil EC Insecticide Orange, etc. 98 >10 >10
Pencycuron GR Fungicide Garlic, etc. 3 >7.561 >6.764
Pencycuron SC Fungicide Rice, Lawn, etc. 20 >2 >2
Pencycuron WG Fungicide Lawn 50 >10 >10
Pencycuron WP Fungicide Rice, Lawn 25 >10 >10
Pencycuron·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Rice, Lawn, etc. 24 >10 >10
Pencycuron·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Lawn, Garlic 25 >10 >10
Pencycuron·Thifluzamide EC Fungicide Rice, Lawn, etc. 7 1.25 1.22
Pendimethalin EW Plant growth regulator Tobbco 3 1.48 1.11
Pendimethalin GR Herbicide Rice, Potato, etc. 5 1.32 1.18
Pendimethalin SC Herbicide Lawn 45 1.82 1.62
Pendimethalin·Pretilachlor EC Herbicide Rice 16 0.5 0.5
Pendimethalin·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Potato, etc. 7.5 4.35 2.42
Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.12 >10 >10
Penoxsulam GR Herbicide Rice 0.08 >10 >10
Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice 0.6 1.58 1.28
Penoxsulam SC Herbicide Rice, Lawn 3 >10 >10
Penoxsulam·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR Herbicide Rice, Lawn 0.13 10.24 8.81
Penoxsulam·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl WG Herbicide Rice, Lawn 11 >10 >10
Penoxsulam·Tefuryltrione DT Herbicide Rice 9.4 >10 >10
Penoxsulam·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 7.08 3.428 3.313
Penthiopyrad EC Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 20 0.361 0.288
Penthiopyrad SC Insecticide Pear, etc. 15 0.428 0.384
Penthiopyrad WG Fungicide Lawn 50 0.511 0.431
Penthiopyrad·Picoxystrobin SC Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 26 0.098 0.094
Penthiopyrad·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 11.5 0.888 0.836
Pentoxazone EC Herbicide Rice 6 0.68 0.45
Pentoxazone GR Herbicide Rice 0.8 5.74 5.74
Pentoxazone SC Herbicide Rice 5 9.2 9.2
Pentoxazone·Pretilachlor SE Herbicide Rice 17 1.27 1.03
Phenthoate EC Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 47.5 3.02 2.64
Phorate·Terbufos GR Insecticide Garlic, Potato 4.5 0.25 0.25
Phoxim GR Insecticide Red pepper 2 >2 >2
Phthalide·Tricyclazole WP Fungicide Rice 33 >10 >10
Phthalide·Validamycin-A SC Fungicide Rice 25 >2 >2
Picarbutrazox SC Fungicide Onion 10 >9.707 >9.707
Picoxystrobin SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 25 0.028 0.028
Picoxystrobin WG Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 25 0.042 0.036
Polyether modified polysiloxane SL Others Red pepper, etc. 99 3.77 3.57
Polyoxin D zinc salt WP Fungicide Rice, Melon, etc. 2.25 >2 >2
Polyoxin B SP Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 50 >10 >10
Polyoxin D zinc salt AE Fungicide Apple 0.55 7.04 5
Polyoxin D zinc salt WG Fungicide Watermelon, etc. 5 3.122 2.977
Polyoxin D zinc salt·Pyriofenone WP Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 6.5 >10 >10
Potassium salt of maleic hydrazide SL Plant growth regulator Tobacco 21.7 >10 >10
Pretilachlor EW Herbicide Rice 37 5.7 5.5
Pretilachlor GR Herbicide Rice 2 3.054 1.639
Pretilachlor·Pyraclonil SE Herbicide Rice 15.8 1.369 1.241
Pretilachlor·Pyrazolate GR Herbicide Rice 7.5 >10 >10
Pretilachlor·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobacmethyl GR Herbicide Rice 1.17 3.391 2.789
Pretilachlor·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Simetryn GR Herbicide Rice 1.37 3.24 2.57
Probenazole·Benfuracarb GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 13.6 1.189 0.942
Probenazole·Carbosulfan GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 7.1 2.61 1.26
Probenazole·Clothianidin GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 4.1 4.07 4.07
ProbenazoleClothianidin GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 10.5 3.11 2.9
Probenazole·Fipronil FG Insecti-Fungicide Rice 12.6 3.651 3.651
Probenazole·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 4.2 2.64 2.56
Probenazole·Imidacloprid GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 15 2.45 1.79
Probenazole·Thifluzamide·Carbosulfan GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 10.1 1.78 0.94
Probenazole·Tricyclazole GR Fungicide Rice 5 >10 >10
Prochloraz EC Fungicide Rice 25 1.588 1.522
Prochloraz EW Fungicide Rice 25 1.827 1.538
Prochloraz ME Fungicide Rice, Orchid 2 0.97 0.92
Prochloraz copper chloride complex FS Fungicide Rice 20 1.23 1.15
Prochloraz copper chloride comples·Tebuconazole FS Fungicide Rice 25 1.38 1.38
Prochloraz copper chloride comples·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 25 1.38 1.38
Prochloraz-manganese complex WG Fungicide Red pepper, Apple 50 2.42 2.42
Prochloraz-manganese complex WP Fungicide Mushroom, etc. 50 >2 >2
Prochloraz-manganese·Tebuconazole WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 40 3.03 2.72
Prochloraz·Triflumizole EC Fungicide Rice 27.5 1.45 1.18
Procymidone FW Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 30 >2 >2
Procymidone GP Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 25 >2 >2
Procymidone WP Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 50 7.24 7.24
Procymidone·Diethofencarb FW Fungicide Strawberry 30 >10 >10
Procymidone·Diethofencarb WP Fungicide Strawberry, Lawn 50 >10 >10
Procymidone·Mancozeb WP Fungicide Grape, Lawn 65 1.53 1.53
Prodiamine SC Herbicide Lawn 40.7 >10 >10
Prodiamine WG Herbicide Lawn 63 >10 >10
Prohexadione-calcium SC Plant growth regulator Lawn, etc. 20 >10 >10
Prohexadione-calcium WP Plant growth regulator Rice 1 0.53 0.53
Propamocarb hydrochloride SL Fungicide Tabacco, etc. 66.5 >10 >10
Propargite EC Insecticide Orange, Apple 57 0.27 0.26
Propiconazole EC Fungicide Rose, Lawn 25 1.795 1.154
Propiconazole GR Fungicide Rice, Garlic, etc. 1 4.66 4.21
Propiconazole·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Lawn 45 6.05 5.82
Propiconazole·Tebuconazole SE Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 22 3.962 3.767
Propiconazole·Thiophanate-methyl SE Fungicide Rice, Persimmon, etc. 21 7.275 7.275
Propineb WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 70 2.19 2.16
Pymetrozine WG Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 49 >10 >10
Pymetrozine WP Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 25 >10 >10
Pyraclonil·Tefuryltrione DT Herbicide Rice 15.2 10.247 10.247
Pyraclostrobin EC Fungicide Orange, etc. 22.9 0.013 0.008
Pyraclostrobin SC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 11 0.027 0.027
Pyraclostrobin WG Fungicide Pear, etc. 20 0.017 0.017
Pyraclostrobin·Tebuconazole SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 18 0.028 0.028
Pyrazolate SC Herbicide Rice 36 4.52 1.55
Pyrazolate·Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Simetryn GR Herbicide Rice 3.75 11.552 9.867
Pyrazolate·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 13 2.04 1.44
Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl WG Herbicide Lawn 5 >10 >10
Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriftalide GR Herbicide Rice 0.67 >10 >10
Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobac-methyl GG Herbicide Rice 2.04 >10 >10
Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobac-methyl GR Herbicide Rice 0.17 >10 8.95
Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Pyriminobac-methyl WG Herbicide Rice 17 >10 >10
Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice 7.07 >10 >10
Pyribencarb FS Fungicide Rice 20 0.967 0.967
Pyribencarb SC Fungicide Pear, etc. 20 1.22 1.14
Pyribencarb WG Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 40 1.51 1.188
Pyribencarb·Thiophanate-methyl SC Fungicide Orange 25 6.447 6.325
Pyridaben EC Insecticide Cucumber, etc. 20 0.012 0.011
Pyridaben EW Insecticide Orange, etc. 10 0.014 0.014
Pyridaben SC Insecticide Cucumber, etc. 20 0.026 0.02
Pyridaben WP Insecticde Orange, etc. 20 >2 >2
Pyridalyl EW Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 10 5.478 2.867
Pyridalyl·Spinetoram EW Insecticide Cucumber, etc. 19.5 >10 >10
Pyridalyl·Tebufenozide SE Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 30 >11.326 >11.326
Pyrifluquinazon SC Insecticide Orange, etc. 6.5 2.935 2.275
Pyrifluquinazon WG Insecticide Pear, etc. 10 2.942 2.942
Pyrimethanil SC Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 37 >10 >10
Pyrimethanil WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 30 >10 >10
Pyriproxyfen EC Insecticide Tomato, etc. 10 1.27 1.17
Pyriproxyfen SC Insecticide Cucumber 10 >10 >10
Pyriproxyfen SF Insecticide Red pepper, Tomato 2.45 >10 >10
Quinoclamine GR Herbicide Rice 9 0.51 0.41
Quinoclamine WG Herbicide Lawn 50 0.53 0.37
Rimsulfuron WP Herbicide Lawn 6 7.03 7.03
Sethoxydim EC Herbicide Bean, etc. 20 4.1 4.1
Silafluofen WP Insecticide Persimmon 10 >10 >10
Simazine WP Herbicide Apple, etc. 50 >10 >10
Simeconazole WG Fungicide Lawn, Garlic. 50 >10 >10
Simeconazole WP Fungicide Cucumber, etc. 20 >10 >10
Simeconazole GR Fungicide Rice, Garlic 1.5 >10 >10
S-Metolachlor EC Herbicide Bean, etc. 25 2.63 2.48
S-Metolachlor GR Herbicide Bean, etc. 2.5 17.9 15.1
S-Metolachlor·Thiobencarb EC Herbicide Garlic, etc. 42 3.2 1.56
S-Metolachlor·Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Garlic, etc. 7 2.07 1.41
Sodium 5-nitroguaiacolate SL Plant growth regulator Tobacco 0.3 7.29 5.83
Spinetoram SC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 5 7.94 5.19
Spinetoram·Thiacloprid SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 15 >10 >10
Spinosad SC Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 10 9.365 8.401
Spinosad WG Insecticide Cucumber, etc. 10 2.51 2.4
Spinosad WP Insecticide Strawberry, etc. 79.5 >10 >10
Spirodiclofen SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 22 5.7 5.7
Spiromesifen SC Insecticide Strawberry, etc. 20 0.64 0.47
Spiromesifen WP Insecticide Apple 20 0.75 0.55
Spirotetramat SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 22 3.41 1.95
Spirotetramat·Thiacloprid SC Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 22 4.14 3.29
Spreader-sticker DC Others Red pepper, Apple 77 >10 >10
Streptomycin WP Fungicide Orange, etc. 20 >10 >10
Streptomycin·Validamycin-A WP Fungicide Potato, etc. 20 >10 >10
Sulfoxaflor GR Insecticide Red pepper, Cucumber 2 >10.00 >10.00
Sulfoxaflor SC Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 7 >93.8 >93.8
Sulfoxaflor WG Insecticide Rice, Red pepper, etc. 7 >0.858 >0.640
Sulfur SC Fungicide Strawberry, etc. 52 >10 >10
Sulfur WG Fungicide Orange, etc. 80 >10 >10
Sulfur·Buprofezin SC Insecti-Fungicide Peach, etc. 39.5 >10 >10
Tebuconazole DC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 12 1.1 0.99
Tebuconazole EC Fungicide Peanut, etc. 25 4.64 4.64
Tebuconazole GR Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 2 10.44 8.13
Tebuconazole ME Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 25 2.808 2.338
Tebuconazole PA Fungicide Apple 2 8.09 6.18
Tebuconazole WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 25 >2 >2
Tebuconazole·Bifenthrin GR Insecti-Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 2.3 0.082631 0.054069
Tebuconazole·Buprofezin WP Insecti-Fungicide Red pepper 27.5 8.745 7.162
Tebuconazole·Chlorpyrifos GR Insecti-Fungicide Garlic, Leek 4 0.745 0.539
Tebuconazole·Dimethoate GR Insecti-Fungicide Garlic 7 >10 >10
Tebuconazole·Lambda-cyhalothrin GR Insecti-Fungicide Garlic, Onion 1.8 0.0151 0.0102
Tebuconazole·Thifluzamide SC Fungicide Lawn 24 7.995 7.995
Tebuconazole·Thiophanate-methyl SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 27 >10 >10
Tebuconazole·Thiophanate-methyl WP Fungicide Red pepper 27 >12.12 >12.12
Tebufenozide EC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 8 1.44 1.44
Tebufenozide SC Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 20 >10 >10
Tebufenozide WP Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 8 >10 >10
Tecloftalam WP Fungicide Rice 10 13 13
Tecloftalam·Validamycin-A SC Fungicide Rice 15 >10 >10
Teflubenzuron SC Insecticide Persimmon, etc. 5 >2 >2
Tefluthrin GR Insecticide Peanut, etc. 0.5 0.0006 0.0006
Tefluthrin·Thiamethoxam GR Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 1 0.043 0.024
Tefuryltrione·Triafamone GR Herbicide Rice 0.84 >10 >10
Tefuryltrione·Triafamone SC Herbicide Rice 4.9 >10 >10
Tetraconazole EC Fungicide Persimmon, etc. 12 1.22 1.22
Tetraconazole EW Fungicide Pear, etc. 12.5 4.46 4.46
Tetraconazole·Thifluzamide EC Fungicide Lawn 9 0.568 0.551
Tetradifon EC Insecticide Orange, etc. 8 3 2.33
Thiabendazole SC Insecticide Orange, Apple 42 >10 >10
Thiacloprid GR Insecticide Rice 1 >10 >10
Thiacloprid SC Insecticide Apple, etc. 10 >9.007 >9.007
Thiamethoxam DC Insecticide Pine 15 2.2 2.05
Thiamethoxam FG Insecticide Potato, etc. 1.5 >6.592 >6.592
Thiamethoxam GR Insecticide Rice 1 >100 >100
Thiamethoxam GR Insecticide Red pepper, etc. 1.5 >6.592 >6.592
Thiamethoxam SL Insecticide Pine 12.5 7.31 6.77
Thiamethoxam WG Insecticide Rose, etc. 24.49 >10 >10
Thiamethoxam WG Insecticide Rice, Apple, etc. 10 >10 >10
Thidiazuron WP Plant growth regulator Grape, Cymbidium 1 0.75 0.68
Thifensulfuron-methyl WG Herbicide Barley 75 >10 >10
Thifluzamide GR Fungicide Rice, Lawn, etc. 3 5.86 4.04
Thifluzamide SC Fungicide Rice, Strawberry, etc. 7 >10 >10
Thifluzamide SC Fungicide Rice, Lawn 21 6.727 4.97
Thifluzamide·Thiadinil SC Fungicide Rice 18.5 >10 >10
Thifluzamide·Thiadinil·Clothianidin GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 9.5 >10 >10
Thifluzamide·Thiadinil·Dinotefuran GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 9 >10 >10
Thifluzamide·Thiadinil·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 9.6 3.48 2.193
Thifluzamide·Tricyclazole·Benfuracarb GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 10.6 0.769 0.769
Thifluzamide·Tricyclazole·Thiacloprid GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 8 >10 >10
Thiobencarb EC Herbicide Rice 50 1.74 1.52
Thiobencarb GR Herbicide Rice, Barley, etc. 7 2.61 2.08
Thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate WP Insecticide Persimmon,etc. 25 0.57 0.47
Thiodicarb WP Insecticide Chinese cabbage, etc. 40 3.45 3.28
Thiophanate-methyl PA Fungicide Apple, Orange 3 1.03 0.95
Thiophanate-methyl SC Fungicide Rice, Grape 40 >10 >10
Thiophanate-methyl WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 70 5.61 5.61
Thiophanate-methyl·Tricyclazole SC Fungicide Rice 30 >10 >10
Thiophanate-methyl·Triflumizole WP Fungicide Rice, Apple, etc. 60 >2 >2
Thiram FS Fungicide Bean, etc. 26.5 0.059 0.019
Thiram SC Fungicide Pear, Peach 40 0.018 0.018
Thiram·Methiocarb FS Others Corn, Bean 30 0.020927 0.0196
Tiadinil GR Fungicide Rice 6 >10 >10
Tiadinil SC Fungicide Rice 30 6.911 6.154
Tiadinil·Benfuracarb GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 9.6 1.01 0.94
Tiadinil·Benfuracarb·Chlorantraniliprole GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 9.9 0.987 0.77
Tiadinil·Carbosulfan GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 9.5 >10 >10
Tiadinil·Chlorantraniliprole GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 6.4 >10 >10
Tiadinil·Clothianidin GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 6.5 >10 >10
Tiadinil·Clothianidin SC Insecti-Fungicide Rice 32.5 7.448 7.386
Tiadinil·Dinotefuran GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 7 9.2 6
Tiadinil·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 6.6 2.009 1.473
Tiadinil·Flubendiamide·Thiacloprid SC Insecti-Fungicide Rice 19 5.293 3.268
Tiadinil·Imidacloprid GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 8.5 >10 >10
Tiadinil·Imidacloprid GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 9 7.338 5.269
Tiadinil·Thiametoxam GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 7 5.42 4.42
Triadimefon WP Fungicide Pear, etc. 5 >10 >10
Tribasic copper sulfate SC Fungicide Orange, etc. 15(CU) >10 >10
Tricyclazole SC Fungicide Rice 41.7 >2 >2
Tricyclazole·Benfuracarb GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 7.6 0.623 0.501
Tricyclazole·Carbosulfan·Imidacloprid GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 7.5 6.983 5.996
Tricyclazole·Clothianidin GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 4.5 >10 >10
Tricyclazole·Dinotefuran GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 3.5 >10 >10
Tricyclazole·Fipronil GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 4.6 4.974 2.609
Tricyclazole·Thiacloprid GR Insecti-Fungicide Rice 5 >10 >10
Tricyclazole·Validamycin-A SC Fungicide Rice 25 >10 >10
Tricyclazole·Validamycin-A·Chromafenozide SC Insecti-Fungicide Rice 28.5 >10 >10
Tricyclazole·Validamycin-A·Ethofenprox SE Insecti-Fungicide Rice 17.5 4.684 1.832
Tricyclazole·Validamycin-A·Methoxyfenozide SC Insecti-Fungicide Rice 29 >10 >10
Trifloxystrobin SC Fungicide Apple, etc. 22 0.193 0.193
Trifloxystrobin WG Fungicide Grape, etc. 50 0.239 0.239
Trifloxysulfuron-sodium GR Herbicide Lawn 0.12 >10 >10
Trifloxysulfuron-sodium WG Herbicide Lawn 75 >10 >10
Triflumizole WG Fungicide Watermelon, etc. 30 1.261 1.21
Triflumizole WP Fungicide Apple, etc. 30 1.63 1.21
Triflumuron WP Insecticide Apple, etc. 25 >10 >10
Triforine DC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 19 5.724 5.724
Triforine EC Fungicide Eggplant, etc. 17 4.79 4.79
Trinexapac-ethyl ME Plant growth regulator Lawn 26.6 >10 >10
Trinexapac-ethyl SL Plant growth regulator Lawn 11.3 >11.3 >11.3
Validamycin-A DP Fungicide Rice, Potato 0.3 >10 >10
Validamycin-A SL Fungicide Rice, Strawberry, etc. 5 >10 >10
Validamycin-A SC Fungicide Red pepper, etc. 20 >10 >10
Validamycin-A SP Fungicide Chinese cabbage, etc. 10 >10 >10
Validamycin-A WG Fungicide Chinese cabbage, etc. 20 >10 >10
Zeta-cypermethrin EC Insecticide Apple, etc. 3 0.0049 0.0044
Zeta-cypermethrin EW Insecticide Apple 3 0.006 0.005
Zoxamide SC Insecticide Potato, etc. 25 >10 >10
*NAS(National Institute of Agricultural Science) Database

우리나라 어독성 분류기준인 48시간 LC50값으로 어독성을 구분한 결과, 1,483품목 중 어독성I급(LC50<0.5 mg/l)은 237품목(16.0%) II급(0.5≤LC50<2 mg/l)은 203품목(13.7%), 그리고 III급(LC50≥2 mg/l)은 1,043품목(70.3%)이었다.

적용 작물별로 독성 등급을 구분하면 벼 재배용 농약 643품목 중 I급은 없고 II급은 83품목(12.9%), 그리고 III급은 560품목(87.1%)이었다. 원예용 농약 840품목 중 I급이 237품목(28.2%) II급이 116품목(13.8%), 그리고 III급이 487품목(58.0%) 이었다. 대상 병·해충, 잡초별로 독성 등급을 구분하면, 살균제 480품목 중 I급은 96품목, II급은 80품목, 그리고 III급은 304품목이었고, 살충제 418품목 중 I급은 131품목 II급은 61품목 그리고 III급은 226품목이었다. 살충·살균제 81품목 중 I급은 6품목 II급은 20품목 그리고 III급은 55품목이었다. 제초제 467품목 중 I급은 3품목 II급은 37품목 그리고 III급은 427품목이었다. 생장조정제 31품목 중 II급은 4품목 그리고 III급은 27품목이었다. 기타 6품목은 I급은 1품목 II급은 1품목 그리고 III급은 4품목이었다. 독성 등급별로 순위를 보면 어독성 I급은 살충제(131품목)>살균제(96품목)>살충·살균제(6품목)>제초제(3품목)>기타(1품목)순이었고, 어독성 II급은 살균제(80품목)>살충제(61품목)>제초제(37품목)>살균·살충제(20품목)>생장조정제(4품목)>기타(1품목) 순이었다. 그리고 어독성 III급은 제초제(427품목)>살균제(304품목)>살충제(226품목)>살균·살충제(55품목)>생장조정제(27품목)>기타(4품목) 순 이었다.

어독성을 48시간이 아니라 96시간 LC50값으로 구분하게 되면 41품목은 III급에서 II급으로, 18품목은 II급에서 I급으로 독성등급이 높아졌다. 특히, 벼 재배용 농약 중 독성 등급이 II급에서 I급으로 된 4품목은 사용량, 제재의 형태, 사용방법, 이화학적 특성 등을 고려하여 평가한 결과 안전성이 인정되지 않으면 등록이 보류될 수도 있다

노출시간 경과에 따라 급성독성 발현을 알아보기 위해 48시간 LC50값을 96시간 LC50값으로 나눈 결과, 전체 1,483품목 중 831품목(56.0%)은 독성값 차이가 없어 48시간 이내에 독성발현이 완전히 나타났음을 알 수 있었다.

그러나 612품목(41.3%)은 독성값 차이가 1.01~1.99배, 그리고 40품목은(2.7%)은 독성값 차이가 2배 이상으로 48시간 이후에도 급성발현이 지속적으로 나타남을 알 수 있었다. 이것은 노출시간이 길어짐에 따라 LC50 값이 감소해 처리시간과 농도와의 관계는 서로 반비례 한다는 연구(Lee et al. 1984)와 농약의 독성발현이 빨리 나타나거나 지속시간이 짧은 것도 있지만 늦게 나타나거나 지속시간이 긴 것, 또는 장기간 축적되어 나타나는 것이 있어 48시간 노출만으로는 정확한 급성 독성값을 얻기 어렵다는 보고와 유사하였다(Shin et al. 1988).

그러므로, 실제 논이나 밭, 과수원 같은 농경지에 살포한 농약이 환경 내에서 이동하여 지속적으로 하천으로 유입되거나 저수지나 호수에 유입된 이후에 이동 없이 장기간 존재하는 것이 일반적이므로 48시간보다는 96시간 LC50값이 보다 정확하고 이 값으로 어독성을 구분하는 게 더 적합하다고 할 수 있다. 미국, 유럽 등에서 96시간 LC50 값으로 어독성을 구분하고 급성 위해성 평가에 이용하는 것을 이러한 이유로 이해할 수 있다(EPA 2004).

이런 연구결과를 본다면 48시간 LC50값은 농약의 1단계 위해성 평가나 어독성 구분에 이용하기는 미흡하고, 미국이나 유럽처럼 96시간 LC50값으로 위해성평가나 어독성 구분을 하는 것이 정확도와 국제적 조화 차원에서 타당하다고 생각한다. 또한 최근 유엔(UN 2015)을 중심으로 화학물질(농약포함)의 관리면에서 분류 및 표지에 관한 세계조화 시스템(GHS)를 도입하여 국제적 조화, 상호인정범위를 넓히려는 국제적 동향을 볼 때 어독성 구분 체계를 분석하여 향후 우리나라 농약관리 제도를 발전시키는데 참고할 필요가 있겠다.


Acknowledgments

본 연구는 2015년부터 2017년까지 수행한 농촌진흥청의 “농약품목의 급성환경유해성 분야 물질분류 및 표시 체계 개선”(과제번호; PJ010983)의 연구비 지원에 의하여 이루어진 것입니다.


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